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Combining forms/Definitions - Chapter 13

acid - acid -osis: condition Condition of excessive acidity of body fluids
acr/o - extremity -megaly: enlargement Characterized (in an adult) by marked enlargement and elongation of the bones, jaw and face
andr/o - man -gen: formation, produce Hormones that produce or stimulate the development of male characteristics
catecholamines Sympathomimetic hormones - epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine
cortis - cortex -one: hormone Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex - used as an anti-inflammatory agent
cretin - cretin -ism: condition Congenital condition caused by deficiency in secretion of thyroid hormones and characterized by mental development
endo - within crine - to secrete Ductless glands that produce internal secretions (hormones) directly into the bloodstream
epi -upon nephr - kidney -ine: substance Hormone produced by the adrenal medulla used as a vasoconstrictor and cardiac stimulant to relax bronchospasm
estr/o - mad desire -gen: formation, produce Hormones produced by the ovaries including estradiol, estrone and estriol
eu - good thyr - thyroid, shield Normal activity of the thyroid
exo - out, away from crine - to secrete Type of gland that secretes into ducts, ex. sweat, salivary
galact/o - milk -rrhea: flow, discharge Excessive secretion of milk after cessation of nursing
gluc/o - sweet, sugar cortic - cortex -oid: resemble General classification of the adrenal cortical hormones, cortisol (hydrocortisone), and corticosterone
hyper - excessive gonad - seed -ism: condition Condition of excessive secretion of sex glands
hypo - deficient gonad - seed -ism: condition Condition caused by deficient internal secretion of the glands
myx - mucus edema - swelling Condition of mucus swelling
para - beside thyr - thyroid, shield -oid: resembles Endocrine glands located beside the thyroid gland
pro - before ger - old age -ia: condition Pathological condition of premature old age occurring in childhood
pro - before gester - to bear -one: hormone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum of the ovary, adrenal cortex, placenta, released during the second half of the menstrual cycle
ster - solid -oid: resemble Group of chemical substances that includes hormones, vitamins, sterols cardiac glycosides and certain drugs
test/o - testicle ster - solid -one: hormone Hormones produced by the testicles
thyr - thyroid, shield -oid: resemble Endocrine gland located in the neck - resembles shield
thyr/o - thyroid, shield toxic - poison -osis: condition Poisonous condition of the thyroid gland
vas/o - vessel press - to press -in: chemical Hormone produced by the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Created by: e.warren