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Anatomy Bone

long bones bones that are longer than they are wide; humerus, femur
short bones cube shaped bones; wrists and ankles
flat bones broad surface; ribs, craneal
irregular bones varied shapes and sizes and surface features; vertebra
compact bone dense, hard, forms protective exterior portion of all bones
spongy bone inner layer of compact bone & ends of long bones, very porous & less dense than compact bones
osteoblasts bone cells that synthesize and secrete unmineralized ground substances; bone forming cells
osteocytes mature bone cells
osteoclasts large bone cells that break down bone tissue; important for bone growth, healing and remodeling
greenstick fracture bone splinters but break is incomplete; common in children
compound fracture fracture in which the bone ends penetrate through skin surface
simple fracture bone is broken cleanly; ends do not penetrate the skin
spiral fracture result of twisting force
compression fraction fracture in which the bone is crushed; common in vertebral column
Created by: jgarrisi