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Anatomy

Anatomical Terms

TermDefinition
Superior toward the head; above
Inferior away from the head; below
Anterior at the front of the body; in front of
Posterior at the back of the body; behind
Medial toward the midline of the body
Lateral away from the midline of the body
Proximal closer to the origin of the body part or point of attachment of a limb to the body
Distal farther from the origin of the body or point of attachment of a limb to the body
Superficial toward the body surface
Deep away from the body surface; more internal
Cephalic head
Orbital eye
Nasal nose
Buccal cheek
Occipital base of the skull; back of the head
Cervical neck
Vertebral spinal column
Axillary armpit
Thoracic chest
Brachial arm
Antebrachial forearm
Carpal wrist
Abdominal abdomen
Umbilical navel
Inguinal groin
Femoral thigh
Patellar anterior knee
Popliteal posterior knee
Tarsal ankle
Sural calf
Antecubital anterior elbow
Acromial point of the shoulder
Clavicular collarbone
Gluteal buttock
Lumbar lower back
Pubic groin
Groin the area between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the body
Scapular shoulderblade
Phalanges fingers
Palmar palm
Plantar sole of the foot
Sacral area of the back between the hips
Calcaneal heel of the foot
Dorsal body cavity houses the brain and spinal cord
Cranial toward the head; above
Caudal away from the head; below
Ventral at the front of the body; in front of
Dorsal at the back of the body; behind
Created by: bianca573avila
 

 



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