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circulatory

TermDefinition
endocardium smooth layer of cells lining the inside of the heart
myocardium muscular middle layer of the heart
pericardium double-layered membrane on the outside of the heart
diastole brief period of the rest in the heart
systole period of ventricular contraction in the heart
capillaries blood vessel that connects arterioles with venules
plasma fluid portion of blood
hemoglobin complex protein on red blood cells
arteries blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
veins blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
aorta largest artery in the body
arterioles smallest branch of arteries
aneurysm sac-like formation in the wall of an artery
leukemia malignant disease with large numbers of immature white blood cells
hemophilia disease characterized by failure of the blood to clot
Leukocyte White blood cell; the average number of white blood cells found per cubic millimeter of blood is 7,000; protect the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders
Erythrocytes is another name for red blood cells; average 5 million per cubic millimeter; helps carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and then returns carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs
Thrombocyte Platelet; average 150,000 per cubic millimeter; help your body form clots to stop bleeding
Phlebotomist people trained to draw blood from a patient for clinical or medical testing, transfusions, donations, or research
Cardiologist heart doctor
Hematologist branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood
Electrocardiogram test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart
universal donor O blood
universal recipient AB blood
blood types A, B,AB,O
path a drop of blood takes through the heart STEPS 1-2 1. Blood enters the right atrium from the superior and inferior venae cavae,and the coronary sinus. 2. From right atrium, it goes through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle.
path a drop of blood takes through the heart STEPS 3-4 3. From the right ventricle, it goes through the pulmonary semilunar valves to the pulmonary trunk 4. From the pulmonary trunk it moves into the right and left pulmonary arteries to the lungs.
path a drop of blood takes through the heart STEPS 5-7 5. From the lungs, oxygenated blood is returned to the heart through the Pulmonary veins. 6. From the pulmonary veins, blood flows into the left atrium. 7. From the left atrium, blood flows through the bicuspid (mitral) valve into the left ventricle.
path a drop of blood takes through the heart STEPS 8-9 8. From the left ventricle, it goes through the aortic semilunar valves into the ascending aorta. 9. Blood is distributed to the rest of the body (systemic circulation) from the aorta.
Created by: thalia1103
 

 



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