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muscleskeleton

HaneyGenpathc12-11

QuestionAnswer
Do patients get told to get bed rest with an Herniated Intervertebral Disk? yes they do along with heat applied to the affected area.
What two cervical objects can be used to treat a slipped cervical disk? 1)A cervical halter. 2)A cervical collar.
When would surgical removal of the herniated disk be necessary? If conservation treatment is not successful.
For a herniated disk what may be necessary to stabilize the spine? A spinal fusion.
True/False? With surgery the prognosis to a herniated disk could be good True! it is very good!
With osteoporosis what is the treatment depended on? The treatment depends on the cause.
What may be supplemented to support bone metabolism? Calcium and vitamin D.
What may be prescribed to decrease bone resorption? Calcitonin may be prescribed subcutaneously or via nasal spray to decrease bone resorption.
How can exercise help with osteoporosis? Exercise may help minimize osteoporosis by slowing loss of mineral calcium.
When should a person with osteoporosis NOT exercise? If the bones become brittle.
In osteoporosis. If bone pain is severe what may be advised? Frequent rest periods
If not arrested osteoporosis can cause what? permanent disability
True/False? Osteomalacia is potentially curable? True. the underlying cause influences the cause
What may be prescribed to alleviate pain for osteomalacia? Analgesics
Why would a patient with osteomalacia have to sit or lie down more frequently? Because the bones may be more soft
In osteomyelitis what may be necessary to remove pus and dead bone? Surgical drainage to remove pus and dead bone
What else would be something required for a patient with osteomyelitis? Immobilization and analgesics
Clients with what often suffer a fair amount of pain and require lengthy hospitalization? Osteomyelitis
In osteomyelitis when can the prognosis be poor? When the acute form turns into the chronic form
For Paget's Disease what may be prescribed for pain relief and to suppress the level of the activity of the disease? Aspirin.
What may be attempted to help with pagets disease? Treatment with certain anti-inflammatory drugs and cytotoxic agents.
What form of the pagets disease is the prognosis poor? the sever form
What are some complications for Pagets disease? Frequent fractures, hypercalcemia, kidney stones, deafness, blindness, and spinal cord injuries, bone sarcoma.
What should a person with a fracture due? Immobilize the affected area and control any visible bleeding
What is Open reduction? a accomplishment by surgery, followed by external fixation such as casting, or by internal fixation with the use of metal plates, screws, or rods.
What is Closed reduction? Consists of manipulation and casting without a surgical incision.
What may be used with a fracture of the leg bone? Traction. Until healing takes place or until internal fixation can't be performed.
How are rib fractures treated? They are either not treated or just the chest would be bandaged or tapped for support and pain control.
In fractures what does the prognosis depend on? It depends on the severity of the fracture and the age of the individual.
What are some complications that may occur in a fracture? Embolism, infection, delayed union or nonunion of the fracture, and complications resulting from immobilization.
Is osteoarthritis curable? No
What is the goal of the treatment for osteoarthritis? The goal of the treatment is to minimize pain and inflammation, to maintain joint function, and to minimize disability.
What may be necessary for osteoarthritis? Physical activity restrictions, rest, and the use of crutches or a cane.
If the condition of osteoarthritis is in the sever form what gets done? Various forms of orthopedic surgery may help to relieve pain and improve joint function.
Is osteoarthritis curable? No
What is the goal of the treatment for osteoarthritis? The goal of the treatment is to minimize pain and inflammation, to maintain joint function, and to minimize disability.
What may be necessary for osteoarthritis? Physical activity restrictions, rest, and the use of crutches or a cane.
If the condition of osteoarthritis is in the sever form what gets done? Various forms of orthopedic surgery may help to relieve pain and improve joint function.
What may be replaced to help with osteoarthritis? The replacement of hip and knee joints with prosthetic devices.
In grout for an acute attack what may be involved? Bed rest, immobilization of the affected part, local applications of heat and cold, and analgesics.
What are complications of grout? Hypertension, kidney stones, and renal damage.
How many hours may a cold compress be applied to a sprain or strain lessen swelling? Intermittently for 12 to 48 hours to the affected part.
For a sprain or strain what may indicated if the injury heals improperly or if a rupture results? Surgical repair.
With proper treatment how long for a sprain or strain to heal? two to four weeks.
What is the treatment for Bursitis? Treatment may include application of cold or heat, immobilization of the affected part, analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and local steroid injections.
When the bursitis is treated as soon as possible is the prognosis good or bad? Good.
What happens if the bursitis becomes chronic? activity restrictions may be required or surgical intervention may be attempted to remove calcification.
If infection occurs in bursitis what would be done? If infection results, surgical drainage or aspiration may be necessary, followed by antibiotic therapy.
What is the first treatment for carpal tunnel? Rest of the wrist and support with a splint is the first treatment.
If the cause of carpal tunnel is because of the work that the patient is in then what happens? Ergonomic modifications of the work place may be implemented. Consideration of another imployement may need to be to be given.
The prognosis is good, especially if the patient responds to what? The wrist rest and a splint.
Treatment for tendonitis may include..? Rest, immobilization of the affected area, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, application of cold or heat, local steroid injections, and physical therapy.
If left untreated tendonitis can become what? Disabiling
Chronic tendonitis may require..? It may require surgical intervention to remove calcium deposits.
Which disease is the treatment symptomatic and supportive? Myasthenia Gravis
Is there any cure fo Myasthenia Gravis? No!!
Is Myasthenia Gravis a lifelong disease? Yes with periodic remissions, exacerbations, and day-to-day fluctuations.
What drug is used to bring the disease under control, followed by lower to doses to over a period of years in the disease polymyositis? Coricosteroid drugs are often administered to bring the disease under control followed by a lower dose over a period of years.
What drug may be used in polymyositis to lower the number inflammatory cells affecting the muscles. Cytotoxic is the drug
1)The prognosis in polymyositis is...? 2)Usually the prognosis....? 1)Is variable 2)worsens with age
Within how many years does a person with ploymyositis recover? 5 years
After a person with polymyositis recovers can they still continue therapy if they choose? Yes/No? Yes they can
Is there any known treatment to curing Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy? no known treatment is successful in curing Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy, but procedures to correct or perserve mobility are helpful.
For a child with Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy how is the prognosis? The prognosis for a child is poor. Children with this condition are usually confined to a wheelchair by the ages of 9 to 12.
What happens to a person with Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy within 10 to 15 years? Within 10 to 15 years of the onset of the disease, death commonly results from cadiac or respiratory complications or infections.
Created by: Dana90