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Anat-Movement

Stack #214719

QuestionAnswer
flexion the angle between articulating bones decreases, usually occurs in the sagittal plane
extension the angle between the articulating bones increases, usually occurs in the sagittal plane
hyperextension extension movement that continues past the anatomic position
abduction movement of a bone away from the midline, usually in the coronal plane
adduction movement of a bone toward the midline, usually in the coronal plane
rotation a bone pivots around its own longitudinal axis
pronation rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned posteriorly
supination rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned anteriorly
circumduction a continuous movement that combines flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction in succession-- the distal end of the limb or digit moves in a circle
elevation movement of a body part superiorly
depression movement of a body part inferiorly
protraction anterior movement of a body part from anatomic position
retraction posterior movement of a body part from anatomic position
angular motion the angle between articulating bones increases or decreases
lateral flexion the vertebral column moves in either lateral direction along a coronal plane
flexion example tilt head forward
extension example bring bent knee forward to stand flat
hyperextension example tilt head backwards to look upwards
abduction example spread fingers apart
adduction example bringing legs together while doing a jumping jack
rotation example shake head "no"
circumduction example twirl leg in a circle at the hip
elevation example shrug shoulders
depression example relax shoulders downwards
protraction example hugging yourself
retraction example pull chin inwards
Created by: Jean-O