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Urinary Disorder

Urinary Disorder

QuestionAnswer
What are the functions of the urinary system Excretion of waste products Regulation of water,electrolytes,and acid-base balance
How much urine is made up of water 95%
What is pyelonephritis Infection involving the kidney and nephron
What is anuria Less than 100ml or no urine voided in 24 hours
What is enuresis Involuntary urination at night (bedwetting)
Glycosuria Presence of sugar in the urine
Proteinuria Protein in the urine
Urinary retention Feeling the need to urinate,but unable to do so
Polyuria Excessive amounts of urine
Incontinence Inability to hold and control urine
Oliguria Scant amount of urine in 24 hours ( 100-400ml )
Nocturia Frequent urination at night
Pyuria Pus in the urine
Hematuria Blood in the urine
Dysuria Painful or difficulty urinating
Cystitis An infection of the urinary bladder
Micturation Process of emptying the bladder
What is urolithiasis Formation of urinary calculi
Classification for aldactone (spironolactone) Potassium sparing diuretic.
Neurogenic bladder Loss of voluntary voiding control
Types of neurogenic bladder Spastic and flaccid
Hydronephrosis Dilation of renal pelvis and calyces
Late signs/symptoms of renal tumors Weight loss Dull flank pain Gross hematuria Palpable mass in flank area
Polycystic kidney disease Cysts cause pressure on kidney structures and compromise function
Signs and symptoms renal cysts Abdominal and flank pain Voiding disturbances Recurrent UTI'S Hematuria Hypertension
Most common site of cancer in the urinary tract Urinary bladder
Urethral strictures Narrowing of the lumen of the urethra,interferes with urine flow
Three phases of acute renal failure Oliguric Diuretic Recovery
Two types of dialysis Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis
Type of dialysis goes through the stomach and can be done at home Peritoneal dialysis
Dialysis Medical procedure for removal of certain elements from the blood through a semi permeable membrane
2 causes of UTI Nosocomial infection and bladder obstruction
Removal of kidney Nephrectomy
Incision to drain kidney Nephrostomy
Types of urinary diversion Ileal conduit Continent Ileal urinary reservoir (kock pouch)
Created by: Smclain04
 

 



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