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Human anatomy ch 6

leggett

QuestionAnswer
medical specialist of the skeletal and muscular system? orthopedist
long bones long longitudinal axis, extended ends
short bones carpals and tarsals
flat bones plate like
irregular bones varieties like vertebrea
sesamoid bones patella
parts of a long bone are? epiphysis, articular cartilage, diaphysis, periosteum, medullary cavity, nutrient foramina
epiphysis is? long expanded ends
diaphysis is? shaft of bone
periosteum is? fibouse ct that covers the outside of bone
types of osseous bone tissue? compact and spongy
compact bone consist of? osteons
parts of an osteon osteonic canal,lamella,lacuna,osteocyte, canaliculi, and communtication canals
lacuna is? cavity containing osteocytes
canaliculi is? small canals
spongy bones does not contain ? osteons
the embryonis skeleton is? completed by 12 week gestation and made of cartilage and fibouse ct
Ossification is ? the changing of non-bone tissue to bone
two types of ossification intramembraneous and endochondral
bone remodeling: continues throughout life, is removed by osteoclast,made with osteoblast
FUNCTIONS OF BONES PROVIDE SHAPE,SUPPORT, AND PROTECTION STORES 99% OF THE BODY'S CALCIUM
2 TYPES OF BONE MARROW RED(ACTIVE) AND YELLOW
ADULTS HAVE HOW MANY BONES? 206
2 MAJOR DIVISIONS OF THE SKELETON? AXIAL AND APENDICULAR
HOW MANY BONES IN THE SKULL? 22 , 8 CRANIAL, 14 FACIAL
CRANIAL BONES INCLUDE? FRONTAL,LR PARIETALS, OCCIPITAL, 2 TEMPORAL,SPHENOID,ETHMOID
FACIAL BONES INCLUDE? 2 MAXILLARY, 2 PALENTINE, 2 ZYGOMATIC, 2 LACRIMAL, 2 NASAL, VOMER, 2 INFERIOR NASAL CONCHAE , MANDIBLE
INFANT SKULL HAS HOW MANY FONTANELS? 6
AN ADULT HAS HOW MANY VERTEBRAE 26
A CHILD HAS HOW MANY VERTEBRAE? 33
FIBROCARTILAGE DISK BETWEEN VERTEBRAE INTERVERTEBRAL DISK
4 CURVES OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN CERVICAL,THORACIC,LUMBAR,AND PELVIC
HOW MANY CERVICAL VERTEBRAE 7
THE FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRAE IS? ATLAS
THE ATLAS ROTATES ON THE ? DENS
THERE ARE HOW MANY PAIRS OF RIBS? 12
THE SACRUM IS HOW MANY BONES FUSED TOGETHER? 5
THE ANTERIOR PART OF THE BASE OF THE SACRUM IS CALLED? SACRAL PROMITORY
THE SACRAL CANAL IS FORMED BY HOW MANY VERTEBRAL FORMAINA? 5
THE FIRST 7 PAIR OF RIBS ARE CALLED? TRUE RIBS OR VERTEBROSTERNAL
THE LAST 5 PAIR OF RIBS ARE CALLED? FALSE RIBS
RIBS 8 9 AND 10 ARE CALLED VERTEBRALCHONDRAL
11 12 RIBS ARE CALLED FLOATING RIBS
3 PARTS OF THE STERNUM MANUBRIUM,BODY, AND XYPHOID PROCESS
HUMERUS HAS: CAPITULUM ,TROCHLEA
RADIUS is on the what side thumb
ulna is on pinky makes a u and has a trochlear notch
there are how many carpals 8
how many metacarpals 5
how many phalanges 14
parts of fingers? proximal,middle,distal
the pelvic girdle consist of? 2 coxal bones
pelvis consist of 2 coxal bones sacrum and coccyx
coxal bone consist of ilium,ishium, pubis
acetabulum articulates with head of femur
obturator formen largest foramen in the body
femur longest bone in the body
tibia medial bone of the two leg bones
fibula smaller the tibia
Created by: ablue218