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Anat-Articulations

Stack #214559

QuestionAnswer
joint/articulation place where two bones come together/contact each other
classification of joints structural: based on major connective tissue type that binds the bones
fibrous joint connective tissue linking bones has a lot of parallel collagen fibers, allow very little or no movement
fibrous joint location sutures of the skull
cartilaginous joint cartilage connective tissue links bones, can withstand lots of pressure
cartilaginous joint location found in areas where bones are pushed together in daily life, pubic symphysis, interverebral discs
synovial joint allow the greatest degree of movement, structurally complex, increased risk of injury
synovial joint location found throughout the appendicular skeleton-- elbow joint, hip joint
articular cartilage hyaline cartilage covering the ends of bones, like a thin shock absorber
joint cavity only seen in synovial joints, space that contains a small amount of synovial fluid and permits separation of the articulating bones
articular capsule double-layered capsule forming the outer portion of the joint
fibrous capsule location the outer layer of the articular capsule
fibrous capsule structure fibrous layer of dense regular connective tissue
synovial membrane location the inner layer of the articular capsule
synovial membrane structure/function thin layer of aerolar connective tissue whose cells produce synovial fluid
synovial fluid viscous, oily fluid that lubricates and lines articular cartilage surfaces
bursa outpocketing of joint cavity filled with synovial fluid that can extend away from the joint, cushion-like
location of bursa found around most synovial joints and where bones, ligaments, skin, muscles, or tendons overlie each other and rub together
Created by: Jean-O