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Anat-Append Skeleton

Stack #214538

QuestionAnswer
Three parts of appendicular skeleton girdles (pelvic and pectoral), upper limbs, lower limbs
Parts of upper limb arm, forearm, wrist, hand
Parts of lower limb thigh, leg, foot
arm brachial
forearm antebrachial
wrist carpal
hand manus
thigh femoral
leg crural
foot pes
Spine divides the posterior side of the scapula into two parts
glenoid cavity articulates with the humerus, shallow, allows for lots of mobility
acromion superior bony cap/roof over shoulder joint
Function of acromion #1 forms protective cover from impact on top
Function of acromion #2 attachment point for clavicle
Function of acromion #3 attachment point for muscles that allow you to shrug your shoulder, extend your arm laterally, etc
coracoid process function attachment for muscles that pull the arm forward
coracoid process structure found on the anterior side of the scapula, hooks around
supraspinous fossa on posterior side of the scapula, superior to the spine, shoulder muscle attachment site
infraspinous fossa on posterior side of the scapula, inferior to the spine, shoulder muscle attachment site
subscapular fossa on anterior side of scapula, muscle attachment site
clavicle location runs from acromion to manubrium of the sternum
clavicle function only point of attachment for the scapula to the rest of the skeletal system
head of humerus fits into the glenoid cavity of the scapula
greater and lesser tubercles ridges by the head of the humerus for muscle attachment
intertubercular sulcus groove between the tubercles which a tendon passes through
capitulum articulates with the radius (articular surface)
trochlea articulates with the ulna, saddle-shaped
lateral and medial epicondyles of humerus attachment point for forearm muscles
Location of the radius thumb side
location of the ulna little finger side
radial tuberosity attachment point for the biceps brachii muscle, mostly on the anterior side
head of the radius like a hockey puck, disk that lets us spin our arm, articulates with the capitulum of the humerus
styloid process (of the radius) bony projection on the lateral side of the wrist, just proximal to the thumb
olecranon triceps attach here, felt at the tip of the bent elbow, posterosuperior aspect of the trochlear notch
trochlear notch BIG, fits the trochlea of the humerus
radial notch head of radius fits here, allows us to turn our palms up and down
styloid process (of the ulna) posteromedial process on the head that may be felt on the medial side of the wrist
number of carpal bones in the wrist 8
right and left os coxae (ossa coxae) half of the pelvis, made up of three fused bones
ilium superior pubic bone, blade-like
ischium inferior/posterior pubic bone, 'sit down bone??', contacts seat
pubis inferior/anterior pubic bone, only one of the three in which the right and left sides contact each other
acetabulum hip joint, large and deep cavity-- less range of mobility
obturator foramen space encircled by the pubis and ischium, thigh muscles attach along the opening of the hole
sacroiliac joint point where the sacrum and the pelvic girdle connect
iliac crest the superior-most ridge of the ilium
anterior superior iliac spine projection from which the iliac crest arises
pubic symphysis site of articulation between the pubic bones, fibrocartilage here
ischial tuberosity attachment point for thigh muscles, roughened projection on the posterolateral border of the ischium, support the weight of the body when seated
head of femur part of the femur that articulates with the acetabulum
neck of femur joins the head and the shaft of the femur, elongated and prominent
greater and lesser trochanters attachment site for thigh muscles that allow for extension and abduction of leg, two processes originating near the proximal end of the femur
medial and lateral condyles on the distal, inferior surface of the femur, form part of the knee joint, smooth, oval articulating surfaces
medial and lateral epicondyles attachment sites for ligaments and muscles, superior to the condyles
patella kneecap, held within tendons, slides back and forth between the two condyles of the femur
tibia larger crural bone that supports most of the weight, medial
tibial tuberosity on the anterior surface of the tibia near the medial and lateral condyles, attachment site for the patellar ligament
medial malleolus hook-shaped, on medial side of ankle bones
fibula thin, articulates with the tibia--not the femur, lateral
lateral malleolus distal tip of the fibula, extends to the ankle joint to provide stability, bump on the lateral side of the ankle
talus ankle bone, connects to the tibia
calcaneus heel, very large and prominent attachment site for the achilles tendon
number of tarsals in the ankle and foot 7
Created by: Jean-O