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Medical Terminology

Ch. 9 - Blood, Lymph & Immune System/ Terms

TermDefinition
anemia not enough RBC
bacteremia bacteria in the blood
septicemia bacteria and toxin in the blood
hematoma localized accumulation of blood which gives you bruise
hemolysis destruction of RBC
hemostasis stopping of blood loss
lymphosarcoma maglinant disease/ cancer of the lymphatic tissue
hemoglobinopathy disease caused by the presence of abnormal of hemoglobin in RBC
lymphadenopathy any disease of the Lymph Nodes
edema accumulation of fluids in the intercellular spaces (between cells)
ascites accumulation of fluids in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
thrombocytopenia decrease number of platelets
leukocytopenia decrease number of WBC
Auto Immune Disease the body's immune system attacks its own cells
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) - caused by an HIV virus that transmitted by body fluids in direct contact from one human body to another - the immune system is very weak and has no resistance to infections
leukemia abnormal increase in the number of WBC
Complete Blood Count (CBC) blood test to count all types of bloods: WBC, RBC and platelets
Differential Leukocytic Count (DLC) blood test to measure the percentage of each WBC's type: neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes
Hemoglobin percentage (Hgb, Hb) blood test to measure the percentage of hemoglobin in the blood
Hematocrit (Hct) blood test to measure the percentage of RBC in the whole blood
Eryrthrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) blood test to measure the rate at which RBC settle down in a fine tube
blood culture test to check for the presence of bacteria in a blood sample
lymphadenography imaging of the Lymph Nodes
lymphangiography imaging of the Lymph Vessels
Bone Marrow biopsy examining a sample of the Bone Marrow taken from the sternum or the back of hip bone
lymphangiectomy surgical removal of Lymph Vessels
blood transfusion transplanting blood from a donor to a recipient
Bone Marrow Graft (Transplant) transplanting Bone Marrow tissue from a donor to a recipient
hemotology study of the blood disease
hemotologist specialist in blood disease
Created by: Hip