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What is known as the inward curvature of a portion of the spine? Lordosis
Lordosis is commonly called? Swayback
What is known as an abnormal outward curvature of the spine? Kyphosis
Kyphosis is commonly known as _____ or ______? humpback or round back
What is known as an abnormal sideward curvature of the spine either to the left or the right? Scoliosis
These three spinal deformities may affect who? Children and Adults
What is known as a saclike mass of cartilage? Intervertebral disk
How many intervertebral disks are found between each of the 33 vertebrae? One
What is a soft, gelatinous mass that helps each disk cushion the movements of the vertebrae? Nucleus Pulposus
A ____ _____ ______ occurs when the nucleus polposus leaks through the wall of the disk and into the spinal canal, where is may press on spinal nerves and cause pain and disablity? Herniated intervertebral disk
What are the most common sites for herniated disks? 2 answers between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae or between the fifth lumbar and the first sacral vertebrae
A herniated intervertebral disk is most common in who? men
A herniated intervertebral disk is commonly called what? slipped disk
What is known as a metabolic bone disease affecting 5 to 10 million Americans? Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis affects who, at what age? women, 50 years old or older
What is the total bone mass for someone affected by osteoporosis? less then expected for their age or sex
What happens to your bones when you have osteoporosis? they become brittle, porous, and vulnerable to fracture due to the decreased calcium and phosphate.
_____is a disease in which there is a destructive mineralization of the bone forming tissue. Osteomalacia
Osteomalacia is characterized by what? increasing softness of the bones, so they become flexible and bend.
When the disease occurs in children, it's called what? Rickets
What is an infection of the bone forming tissue? Osteomyelitis
As osteomyelitis progresses what happens? pus may for and sustained inflammatory pressure may cause fracturing if small pieces of bone.
Osteomyelitis an acute infection, may evolve into a chronic condition
Osteomyelitis is more common in who? children
Whst is known as a chronic metabolic skeletal disease? Paget's Disease
Paget's disease usually occurs in primarly who, and at what age? Men,older then 40
What is known as a break or crack in the bone? A fracture
How many types of fractures are there? 5
What type of fracture is known as a break in the bone with no external wound in the skin? Closed fracture
What type of fracture is known as a break in the bone in which there is an open wound leading down to the site of the fracture? There are 2 names for this type name both open fracure/Compound fracture
What type of fracture is known as one in which the one bone is patially bent and splt? greenstick fracture
A greenstick fracture mostly occurs in who? Children or adults with soft bones
What type of fracture is known as one in which the bone is broken or splintered into pieces? Comminuted fracture
What type of ftacture is known as one in which the bone is broken with one end forced into the interior of the other? Impacted fracture
What type of fracture is known in which the fraction line does not include the whole bone? Incomplete fracture
Congenital spinal defects, poor posture, and disorders that cause overly rapid growth are etiology of what? Lordosis, Kyphosis, and Scoliosis
Spinal trauma from a fall, straining, or heavy lifting are etiology of what? A herniated intervertebral disk
What is caused by insufficient bodily stores or ineffective utilization of vitamin D? Osteomalacia
What is caused by trauma that results in hematoma formation and an acute bacterial infection? Osteomyelitis
What is the etiology of Paget's disease? There is no known cause
Bone fractures are usually cause by what? physical trauma
For what disease is the etiology not known, but autoimmune factors may play a role? Osteoarthritis
What is the etiology for Rheumatoid Arthritis? The cause is not known
What is known as a chronic disorder of uric acid metabolism? Gout
For what disease is the etiology may be metabloic, renal, or both? gout
What is the etiology for sprains and strains? they may be caused by trauma or result from excessive use of body parts
What is known as a tearing or stretching of a ligament surrounding s joint that usually follows a sharp twist? a sprain
What is known as a tearing or stretching of a tendon or a muscle? a strain
Bursitis maybe caused by what? excessive frictional forces, trauma, and systemic disease
WHat is the cause of Myasthenia Gravis? the cause is not known
Created by: kaela320