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bone terms

bones and terms

Condyle rounded bump, usually fits into a fossa on another bone to form a joint
Crest raised ridge, generally a site for muscle attachment
Epicondyle bump near condyle, gives appearance of a bump on a bump, for muscle attachment
Facet flat surfaces that form a joint with another facet or flat bone
Fissure crack like hole for blood vessels or nerves
Foramen rounded hole for blood vessels or nerves
Fossa depression, receives and articulating bone
Line similar to a crest, not raised as much
Margin edge of a flat bone
Meatus tube like opening or channel
Notch V-like depression in the margin or edge of a flat area
Process raised area of projection
Ramus curved portion of a bone
Spine similar to a crest but raised more
Sulcus groove or elongated depression
Trochanter large bump for muscle attachment
Tuberosity oblong, raised bump, for muscle attachment
3 classifications of bony articulations? synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, diarthrotic
sutures of the cranium are examples of what type of articulation? synarthrotic
intervertebral jts and symphysis pubis are what of articulations? amphiarthrotic
type of diarthrotic jt that allows slight movement, ex: intercapal or tarsal jts gliding
type of jt that allows for flexion and extension, ex: elbow, knee, ankle hinge
type of jt that allows for rotation, ex: atlas and axis pivot
type of jt that allows for flexion/extension & abduction/adduction, ex: radiocarpal jt of wrist & metocarpalphalangeal jts ellipsoid
the 1st metocarpal jt is an example of what type of jt? saddle
two types of bone tissue? cancellous & compact
tough fibrous connective tissue that covers bony surfaces? periosteum
central cavity of long bones that contain trabeculae? medullary cavity
how many bones in the body? 206
how many axial bones in the body? 80
how many appendicular bones in the body? 126
what vertebral level is the mastoid process? C1
what vertebral level is the ubmilicus? L3-4
what vertebral level are the kidneys? T12-L3
what vertebral level is the thyroid? C5
what vertebral level is the vertebral prominens? C7
what vertebral level is the xiphoid tip? T10
what vertebral level are the sternal angles? T4
what vertebral level are the iliac crests? L4
Created by: srehrauer