Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Medical Term Chapter

TermDefinition
tissue Cells grouped together to perform specialized functions are known as
cells Tissues arranged together to perform a special function are known as an
cell membrane the cell’s outer covering. is a semipermeable barrier that allows certain substances to pass through while blocking others. The cell membrane is also known as the plasma play audio membrane.
nucleus enclosed within the cell membrane. The nucleus is made up of threadlike structures called play audio chromosomes
chromosomes contain segments or regions called play audio genes that transmit hereditary characteristics. Each body cell, with the exception of the female ovum and the male spermatozoa, contains 23 pairs of chromosomes that determine its genetic makeup.
cytoplasm a gel-like substance containing cell organs that carry out the essential functions of the cell. Examples are mitochondria, lysosomes, ribosomes, which synthesize proteins, are often called the cell’s “protein factories.”
anaplasia A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form.
dysplasia Any abnormal development of cells, tissues or organs (“disordered formation”).
histologist A medical specialist in the study of tissues
Epithelial tissue covers the internal and external organs of the body. It also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs.
Connective tissue supports and binds other body tissue and parts. Connective tissue may be liquid (as in blood), fatty (as in protective padding), fibrous (as in tendons and ligaments), cartilage (as in the rings of the trachea), or solid (as in bone).
Nervous tissue transmits impulses throughout the body, thereby activating, coordinating, and controlling the many functions of the body.
visceral refers to the internal organs
hypoplasia Incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells is called
tissue is composed of groups of similar cells that perform specialized or common functions.
organs are made up of tissues arranged together to perform a particular function.
cytoplasm is a gel-like substance containing organelles that carry out the essential functions of the cell.
cell is the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
epithelial tissue tissue covers the internal and external organs of the body. It also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs.
mitochondria are organelles that provide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions.
ribosomes organelles that synthesize proteins, are often called the cell’s “protein factories.”
nucleus The central controlling body within a living cell is the
systems A group of organs working together to perform specific functions is called a(n)
plantar Pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
inferior Below or downward toward the tail or feet:
crainial Pertaining to the head:
medial Toward the midline of the body:
proximal Toward or nearest to the trunk of the body or nearest to the point of attachment of a body part:
supine Lying horizontally on the back, face up
superior Above or upward toward the head:
dorsum The back or posterior surface of a part; in the foot, the top of the foot:
lateral Toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body:
caudal Pertaining to the tail
anterior Pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body:
pronation A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn downward and backward:
supination A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward:
deep Away from the surface and toward the inside of the body:
posterior Pertaining to the back of the body
front anter/o
cartilage chondr/i
pelvis pelv/i
side later/o
navel umbilic/o
vertebra vertebr/o
nucleus nucle/o
back dors/o
between inter-
tissue hist/o
proximal pertaining to toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
cytology study of cells
interverteral pertaining to between the vertebra
dysplasia The term that describes any abnormal development of tissues or organs is
nucleus Cytoplasm is the gel-like substance that surrounds the
hypoplasia The term that means “less than, under formation” is
hyperplasia The term that means “excessive formation” is
neoplasia The term that describes new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant is
neoplasia The term that means “new formation” is
aplasia The term that refers to a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue is
dysplasia The term that means “disordered formation” is
cell The smallest and most numerous unit of living matter is the
anatomical position When a person is standing with the arms at the sides and the palms turned forward, with the head and feet pointing forward, the individual is said to be in
biopsy removal of tissue sample for viewing under the microscope
Hiatus the condition of a portion of the stomach bulging up through the diaphragm, into the thoracic cavity
anaplasia The term that means “without formation” is
epithelial The tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body and lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs is known as
cytoplasm The gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell is the
Created by: Mtinderscott