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Medical Terminology

Ch. 8 - Cardiovascular System/ Terms (final)

TermDefinition
pericardial effusion accumulation of fluids in the pericardial sac
arrhythmia irregular hear beat
fibrillation weak contraction of the heart muscle
palpitation feeling of abnormal/ irregulat heart beat
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) a defect (a hole) in the septum between the 2 atria (pleural is atrium)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) a defect (a hole) in the septum between the 2 ventricles
Hypertension (HTN) high blood pressure at 140/90Hg. The normal is 120/80.
Hypotension low blood pressure at 90/60 or less that caused dizziness or faint
Hyperlipdemia excessive lipid (fat) in the blood
Hypercholesterol emia high blood cholesterol level
arteriosclerosis hardening of the arterial wall caused by old age
artherosclerosis hardening of the arterial walls due to deposition (build up) of fat plaques
embolus plug, undissolved matter circulation in the blood
pulmonary embolism blockage of one the branch in the pulmonary arteries by an embolus
Myocardial Infarction (MI) death of a part of a heart muscle caused by complete blockage of one the branch in the coronary arteries
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) failure of the heart to pump enough blood
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) formation of blood clot in the deep veins of the lower limb
Cerebro Vascular Accident (CVA) aka Stroke. An accident of hemorrage/ blockage of the the brain
Aortic Stenosis (AS) narrowing of aortic valve
Mistral Stenosis narrowing of the mistral (biscupid) valve
infarction necrosis (death) of a part of a tissue
ischemia inadequate blood supply
angina pectoris chest pain caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries (ischemia)
thrombus blood clot
cardiac arrest stopping of the heart (Code Blue in hospital)
hemostasis stopping of bleeding
varicose veins dialated and twisted veins in the lower limb may due to standing for a long time
stent a device inserted in the artery to keep it open
coronary angioplasty surgical repair of coronary blood vessels using a balloon
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) dilation of an occluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic
coronary artery by pass graft (CABG) surgical procedure to by-pass a blocked artery using a vein or an artery graft
cardial version process of restoring the normal heart rhythm using a defibrillator
open heart surgery surgical procedure performed on the heart
thrombolysis dissolving blood clot using specific enzymes
phlebotomy performing a small cut on a vein to take a blood sample
venipuncture puncture of a vein to take a blood sample
thrombectomy surgical removal of fat plaques (atheroma)
pericardiocentesis puncturing of the pericardium to remove fluids
valvotomy incision of a valve to treat stenosis (narrowing, stricture)
electrocardiography (ECG, EKG) recording of the electric waves of the heart
stress test ECG taken during exercise (on a treadmill machine)
Holter monitor test ECG taken for 24 hours using a small portable device
echocardiography (ECHO) taking image of the heart using ultrasound
cardiac catheterization introducing a catheter (tube) into the heart blood vessels
coronary angiography radiological examination of the heart blood vessels
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) imaging the heart using strong magnetic field
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) imaging the heart blood vessels using strong magnetic fields
lipid panel (profile) measuring the blood lipids: total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, & Triglyceride
Created by: Hip