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HaneygenpatheC12_01

QuestionAnswer
Abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine, commonly called swayback. Lordosis
Abnormal outward curvature of the spine, commonly know as humpback or roundback. Kyphosis
Abnormal sideward curvature of the spine either to the left or right. Scoliosis
Occurs when the nucleus pulposus leaks through the wall of the disk and into the spinal canal, where it may press on spinal nerves and cause pain and disability. Herniated Intervertebral disk
Metabolic bone disease affecting 5 to 10 million Americans. Osteoporosis
Chronic metabolic skeletal disease, initial phase is marked by high rate of bone turnover. Paget's Disease
Is a break or crack in a bone. Fracture
Chronic inflammatory process of the joints and bones resulting in degeneration of joint cartilage and subsequent hypertrophy of the surrounding bone. Osteoarthritis
Chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membranes of multiple joints. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Called gouty arthritis, is a chronic disorder of uric acid metabolism. Gout
Tearing or stretching of a ligament surrounding a joint that usually follows a sharp twist. Sprains
Tearing or stretching of a tendon or a muscle. Strain
Inflammation of a bursa, a think-walled sac lined with synovial tissue that facilitates movement of tendons and muscles over bony prominences. Bursitis
Most common syndrome that compresses that median never in the wrist, within the carpal tunnel. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Inflammation of a tendon or the tendon-muscle attachments to bone, usually in the shoulder rotator cuff,hip, Achilles tendon, or hamstring. Tendonitis
Chronic, progressive neuromuscular disease that produces progressive, sporadic weakness and exhaustion of skeletal muscles. Myasthenia Gravis
Chronic, progressive disease of connective tissue characterized by edema, inflammation, and degeneration of skeletal muscles. Polymyositis
Chronic, inflammatory connective-tissure disorder in which cells and tissues throughout the body are damaged by a variety of autoantibodies and immune complexes. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Congenital disorder characterized by progressive bilateral wasting of skeletal muscles. Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
Symptoms are pain, tenderness and swelling, malaise, weakness,fatigue,fever, obvious bone deformation, including spontaneous fractures, inflammation,stiffness,and weightloss. Common symptoms of musculoskeletal diseases
This disease is also marked my tophi, deposits urate compounds in and around the joints of the extremities. Gout
This disease may affect any joint in the body but especially weight-bearing ones such as the knee and hip. Osteoarthritis
A break in the bone with no external wound to the skin. Closed fractures
A break in the bone in which there is an open wound leading down to the site of the fracture or in which a piece of broken bone protrudes through the skin. Open or compound fracture
One in which the bone is partially bent and split, as a green stick or twig does when bent. Greenstick fracture
One in which the bone is broken with one end forced into the interior of the other. Impacted fracture
One in which the bone is broken or splintered into pieces, often with fragments embedded in surrounding tissue. Comminuted fracture
Created by: Starlight44001