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Ch. 43

Clinical chemistry and serological procedures

agglutination type of antibody-antigen reaction in which a solid antigen clumps with a soluble antibody
analyte measurable chemical substance
antibody protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of an antigen
antigen substance that when introduced into the body elicits an immune response
atherosclerosis thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries; also called arteriosclerosis
methodology system of principles and procedures used in scientific testing
microsample very small amount of a specimen
panel group of blood tests that evaluates the function of a particular body system aka a profile
photometric reflectance measurement of the amount of light reflected by a specimen
fasting blood glucose tests pt blood sugar while fasting for 12 hours before testing. normal range is 70-110
2 hour postprandial glucose test used to screen for diabetes, it measures the amount of glucose in the blood 2 hours after ingesting a meal. the normal range is less than 140
glucose tolerance test measures the body's ability to metabolize glucose using insulin in response to a glucose load, ideally the pt's bs should go return to normal fasting limits
what all is included in the lipid panel total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, VLDL, triglycerides, TC to HDL ratio
what all is included in the renal panel albumin, calcium, CO2, chloride, creatinine, glucose, phosphorous, potassium, sodium, and blood urea nitrogen
what all is included in the electrolyte panel sodium, potassium, CO2, and chloride
what all is included in the metabolic panel calcium, CO2, chloride, creatinine, glucose, potassium, sodium, and BUN
what all is included in the comprehensive metabolic panel albumin, total bilirubin, calcium, bicarbonate, chloride, creatinine, glucose, alkaline phosphatase, potassium, total protein, sodium, BUN, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase
what all is included in the hepatic panel ALT, AST, lactate dehydrogenase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase
what all is included in the thyroid panel T3, T4, TSH, and thyroglobulin
what all is included in the cardiac panel creatine kinase, CK-MB, and troponin
what is normal range for total cholesterol <200 mg/dl
what is the normal range for HDL 35-60 mg/dl
what is normal range for LDL <130 mg/dl
what is the normal range for VLDL 20-40 mg/dl
what is the normal range for triglycerides 35-160 mg/dl
what is the normal range for FBS 70-110 mg/dl
what is the normal range for A1C 3.0% - 6.1%
purpose of renal panel assesses kidney function
purpose of electrolyte panel assesses acid base balance and possibly hydration status
purpose of basic metabolic panel assesses electrolytes, glucose, and kidney function
purpose of comprehensive metabolic panel assesses various body systems and organs
purpose of hepatic panel assesses liver function
purpose of thyroid panel assesses thyroid function
purpose of cardiac panel aids in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction
diabetes mellitus chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism in which there is and inadequate production or use of insulin symptoms include excessive thirst, excessive urination, sweet smelling breath, and dizziness
hypoglycemia abnormal decrease in blood glucose levels. symptoms include light headedness, dizziness, fatigue, and fainting
hyperlipedemia excessive amounts of fat in the blood, gives serum a milky appearance but asymptomatic
hyperthyroidism increased T3 and T4 levels with a possibly normal, increased, or decreased TSH level, symptoms include palpitations, heat intolerance, nervousness, insomnia, fatigue, weight loss, and hair loss
hypothyroidism decreased T3 and T4 levels and usually increased TSH levels, symptoms include fatigue, weakness, hair loss, dry skin, constipation, intolerance to cold, and irritability
what tests are used to diagnose syphilis venereal disease research lab test(VDRL), rapid plasma reagin test (RPR), and microhemagglutination- Treponemapallidum (MHA-TP) to confirm
Created by: rewebb
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