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anatomical terms

Anatomy

TermDefinition
Planes of section Frontal, Transverse, Sagittal
Anatomical Position The body is in a standing position, trunk is erect, head, eyes facing forward, arms by side wih palm forward, legs are straight with toes also pointing forward.
Anterior (ventral) Front of the body or structure.
Posterior (dorsal) . Back of the body or structure
Superior A structure that lies above another.
Inferior A structure that lies below another.
Medial A structure closer to the midline of the body or movement toward the midline.
Distal The end of a structure of the extremities located farthest from the trunk.
Superficial External; located close to or on the body surface.
Deep Internal; located further beneath the body surface than the superficial structure.
Proximal The end of a structure of the extremities located closest to the trunk.
Lateral A structure further away from the midline of the body or movement away from the midline of the body.
Cervical Regional term referring to the neck.
Thoracic Regional term referring to the portion of the body between the neck and the abdomen; also known as chest (thorax).
Lumbar Regional term referring to the portion of the back between the abdomen and the pelvis.
Plantar Bottom of the foot.
Dorsal Top of the foot.
Palmar The anterior or ventral surface of the hands.
Supine Facing upward (lying on back)
Prone Facing downward (lying on abdomen)
Homeostasis Good Health - everything balances for living
ventral cavity consists of two compartments thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity
thoracic cavity heart and lungs
dorsal cavity the central nervous system and consist of the cranial cavity or spinal cavity
abdominal cavity liver stomach intestines
sectioned liver stomach intestines liver stomach intestines
plane imaginary flat surface that seperates two portions of the body
frontal section a plane from side to side that seperates the body into front to back
sagittal section a plane from front to back that seperates the body into right and left portions
transverse section a horizontal plane seperates the body into upper and lower portions
Created by: rwillishazelwood
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