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define histology study of tissue
4 main groups of tissues epithelial,connective,muscle,nervous
epithelial tissue covers surfaces,lines cavities, forms glands
connective tissue supports and forms the framework of all parts of the body
mussle tissue contracts and produces movement
nervous tissue conducts nerve impulses
squamous flat and irregular
cuboidal square
columnar long and narrow
transitional epithelium capable of great expansion but returns to its original form once tension is relaxed,ex.bladder
goblet cells secrete mucas, ex. pseudostratified epithelial
endocrine secretes hormones directly into the blood
exocrine ducts or tubes to carry secretions away from the gland
in connective tissue cells are seperated by large amounts of nonliving materials called matrix
liquid connective tissue suspended in a fluid enviroment, ex. blood and lymph
soft connective tissue loosely held togather with semi liquid material between the cells, ex.adipose(fat)areolar(loose)
fibrous connective tissue densley packed
fibroblast produce ligaments,tendons,capsules
hard connective tissue very firm consistency,ex. cartilage hardened by material,(bone)
Flexible white protein found in large numbers of fibrous connective tissue collagen
some organs such as kidneys are surrounded by what osseous tissue
osseous tissue tissue of which bones r made
what type of cells form bones osteoblast
what type of muscle tissue is voluntary skeletal
dendrite fiber carries messages in the form of nerve impulses to the nerve cell bodyaxon
material that insulates and protects some axons myelin
what color is myelin white
what are specialized cells in nerve tissue called neuroglia
3 types of epithelial membranes serous,mucous,cutaneous
pleurael/pleunas line the thoracic cavity and cover each lung
serious pericardium forms part of the sac that encloses the heart
peritoneum lines the walls of the abdominal cavity,covers the organs of the abdomen and forms supporting and protective structures w/in the abdomen
parietal layer attached to the wall of a cavity or sac
visceral layer attached to a organ
2 membranes that consist of connective tissue with no epithelium synovial membranes and menings
what kind of fascia covers, seperates and protects skeletal muscles deep fascia
name of the cavity that encloses the heart fibrous pericardium
membrane around the cartilage perichondrium
in rheumatoid arthritis what membrane becomes inflamed and swollen synovial
another name for tumor neoplasm
benign tumor confined to a local area and does not spread
malignant tumor tumor spread to neighboring tissues or to distant parts of the body
lipoma a connective tissue tumor originating in fatty(adipose)tissue (benign)
2 main categories of malignant tumors carcinoma and sarcoma
symptoms of cancer unusual bleeding,persistant indigestion, chronic hoarseness or cough,changes in color or size of moles,
biopsy removal of living tissue for the purpose of microscopic examination
radiography use of x-rays to obtain images of internal structures
ultra sound use of high reflected frequency sound waves to differentiate various kinds of tissue
computed tomography use of e-rays to produce a cross sectional picture of body parts
surgery to remove cancer removes tumor surgically
radiation to remove cancer x-ray or placement of small amounts of radioactive material with in the involved cell
chemotherapy to remove cancer treatment of cancer with antioneoplastic agents
immunotherapy to remove cancer use of substance that stimulat the immune system as a whole or vaccines
atrophy muscles and other tissues waste from loss of cells with age
term mean in layers stratified
any thin sheet of tissue that seperates two or more structures membrane
visceral muscle also known as smoothe muscle
Nerve impulses are carried away from the cell body by the axon
the sheet of tissue that underlies the skin superficial fascia
a tough membrane composed entirely of connective tissue that serves as a anchor and supports the organ or covers a muscle deep fascia
pleurae are examples of this type of membrane serous
the portion of serious membrane attached to an organ visceral layer
connective tissue membrane that lines joint cavities synovial
a tissue found in serious membranes mesothelium
the portion of the serious membrane attached to the body wall parietal layer
tough membranous tissue that encloses an organ capsule
the cartilage found between bones of the spine fibrocartilage
a fiber found in most connective tissues collagen
a strong gristly cartilage that makes up the trachea hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue areolar
Created by: cornejo