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Anatomy Ch 1

Anatomical Regions, planes, cavities

Vocabulary WordDefinition
diaphram separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
axial region head, neck and trunk - main vertical axis of the body
appendicular region appendages or limbs attached to axial region
Posterior Aspect Includes the cranial cavity (brain) and the vertebral (spinal cord) canal
Ventral Cavity formed from the coelom in the embryo, divided into Thoracic and Abdominopelvic cavities, lined with serous membrane.
What are the layers in the serous membrane and what do they cover? parietal layer which covers the internal surface of the body wall and the visceral layer that covers the organs. Between layers is the serous cavity (potential space)
Mediastinum median space in the thoracic cavity that contains the heart, thymus, esophagus and trachea
Pericardium serous membrane around the heart. Parietal pericardium lines the cavity and visceral pericardium lines the heart with a pericardium cavity between the two layers.
Proximal The end of a structure of the extremities located closest to the trunk.
Peritoneum serous membrane around the abdominopelvic region. Parietal peritoneum lines the cavity and visceral peritoneum lines the organs with a peritoneum cavity between the two layers.
Epigastric Region superior region in the middle column of the abdominal cavity. Contains part of liver, partial stomach, and duodenum, part of pancreas and both adrenal glands
Umbilical Region middle region in the middle column of the abdominal cavity. Contains the transverse colon, serous membrane around the heart. Parietal pericardium lines the cavity and visceral pericardium lines the heart with a pericardium cavity between the two layers, part of small intestine and blood vessels leading to lower limbs
Hypogastric region inferior region in middle column of abdominal cavity. Contains the part of small intestine, the bladder, and sigmoid colon of large intestine.
Right Hypochondriac superior and lateral to Epigastric region in abdominal region. Contains part of liver, gallbladder, and part of right kidney
Left Hypochondriac superior and lateral to Epigastric region in abdominal cavity. Contains part of stomach, the spleen, part of large intestine, and part of left kidney
Right Lumbar Region middle region, lateral to the umbilical region in the abdominal cavity . Contains the ascending colon, part of large intestine, superior part of cecum, and part of right kidney and part of small intestine
Left Lumbar Region middle region, lateral to the umbilical region in the abdominal cavity . Contains the descending colon, and part of left kidney and part of small intestine
Right Iliac Region inferior region lateral to the Hypogastric region in the abdominal cavity. Contains the inferior end of cecum, the appendix, part of small intestine
Left Iliac Region inferior region lateral to the Hypogastric region in the abdominal cavity. Contains the junction part of the colons and part of small intestine
Prone Facing downward (lying on abdomen)
HOMEOSTASIS GOOD HEALTH
ventral cavity consists of two compartments thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity.
thoracic cavity heart contained in the medistinum and lungs on left and right side
plane imaginary flat surface that seperates two portions of the body
frontal section a plane from side to side that seperates the body into front to back
sagittal section a plane from front to back that seperates the body into right and left portions
transverse section a horizontal plane seperates the body into upper and lower portions
Created by: Sugarbooger
 

 



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