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SpecialSenses Review

Purple Module - Special Senses Review

TermDefinition
equilibrium A state of balance
eustachian tube A tube which connects the nose and throat
glaucoma Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye
ametropia An error in refraction
acuity Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function
anacusis Complete deafness
strabismus Condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other or out of synchronity
otoplasty Corrective surgery for a deformed pinna
blepharoplasty Cosmetic surgery removing fatty tissue above and below the eyes
astigmatism Defective curvature of the cornea or lens
corectasis Dilation of the pupil
otopyorrhea Discharge of pus from the ear
mydriatics Drugs that dilate the pupil
otalgia Ear pain
cerumen Ear wax
fluorescin angiography Evaluation of the blood vessels and their leakage in and beneath the retina
iridectomy Excision of the iris
hyperopia Farsightedness
dacryorrhea Flow of tears
nyctalopia Impaired vision in dim light aka night blindness
radial keratotomy Incision in the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness
otitis externa Infection of the external auditory canal
otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear
amblyopia Lazy eye syndrome
presbyopia Loss of accommodation associated with the aging process
anosmia Loss of sense of smell
audiometry Measurement of hearing acuity
phacoemulsification Method of treating cataracts that disintegrates a cloudy lens, and is then aspirated and removes
optometrist One who specializes in eye measurements
cataracts Opacities on the lens
tinnitus Perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears
olfactory Pertaining to smell
blepharoptosis Prolapse of the eyelid
tympanoplasty Reconstruction of the eardrum
semicircular canals Responsible for balance
achromatopsia Severe congenital deficiency in colour perception
incus Shaped like an anvil
malleus Shaped like a hammer
stapes Shaped like a stirrup
ear canal Slender tube through which sound waves travel to the middle ear
chalazion Small, hard tumor on the eyelid
cochlea Snail-shaped inner ear structure; first structure of the inner ear
hordeolum Stye
gustation Taste
cornea The clear, transparent portion of the sclera
sclera The white of the eye
ear antiemetics Treat and prevent nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and vertigo
nystagmus Type of involuntary eye movements
photophobia Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light
metamorphopsia Visual distortion of objects
aqueous humor found in the anterior and posterior chamber of the anterior portion of the eye; provides nourishment for the lens and cornea; is continually produced
cones Produce colour vision; function in bright light
rods Produce black and white vision; function in dim light
conjunctiva Covers the outer surface of the eye and lines the eyelids
fovea In the centre of the macula, where light rays focus, only cones placed very tightly together, provides best acuity for colour vision
pupil The perforated centre of the iris, where light enters
vestibular system Controls equilibrium and balance, contains the semicircular canals
vitreous humor A jellylike substance that fills the interior of the eye.
The functions of the ear hearing and equilibrium
The three tunics of the eye fibrous, vascular, sensory
otolaryngoloist specialist in the study of ear, nose, and throat
The specific sensations gustation, audition, olfactory, equilibrium, vision
macular degeneration Deterioration of the macula, responsible for "straight-ahead" vision, commonly age related
otosclerosis Abnormal hardening of the bones of the middle ear
ossicles The small bones of the middle ear, located behind the tympanic cavity
Acc accommodation
ARMD, AMD age-related macular degeneration
Ast astigmatism
ENG electronystagmography
IOL intraocular lens
IO intraocular
LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
AC air conduction
BC bone conduction
ENT ear, nose, and throat
NIHL noise induced hearing loss
O.D. Doctor of optometry
RK radial keratotomy
SLE slit-lamp examination
ST esotropia
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
XT extropia
OM otitis media
PE pressure-equalizing
URI upper respiratory infection
Created by: Cellyvision
 

 



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