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Bones

Bone Diseases

QuestionAnswer
COMMINUTED BONE BREAKS INTO MANY FRAGMENTS
COMPRESSION BONE IS CRUSHED
DEPRESSED BROKEN BONE PORTION IS PRESSED INWARD
IMPACTED BROKEN BONE ENDS ARE FORCED INTO EACH OTHER
SPIRAL RAGGED BREAK OCCURS WHEN EXCESSIVE TWISTING FORCES ARE APPLIED TO BONE
GREENSTICK BONE BREAKS INCOMPLETELY, MUCH IN THE WAY A GREENTWIG BREAKS
ARTHRITIS AFFECTS JOINTS SYMETRICALLY, MAY INITIALLY BEGIN IN A FEW JOINTS-FREQUENTLY ATTACKS WRISTS, HANDS, ELBOWS, SHOULDERS, KNEES, ANKLES
BURSITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSA. CAN BECOME INFLAMED FROM INJURY, INFECTION OR DUE TO UNDERLYING RHEUMATIC CONDITION. TYPICALLY IDENTIFIED BY LOCALIZED PAIN OR SWELLING, TENDERNESS, PAIN
TENDONITIS TENDONS BECOME INFLAMED FOR VARIETY OF REASONS AND THE ACTION OF PULLING THE MUSCLE BECOMES IRRITATING.
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME ANY CONDITION THAT CAUSES SWELLING OR A CHANGE IN POSITION OF THE TISSUE WITHIN THE CARPAL TUNNEL CAN SQUEEZE AND IRRITATE THE MEDIAN NERVE.
OSTEOPOROSIS "POROUS BONES" SKELETAL DISEASE AFFECTING WOMEN AND MEN. CONDITION IN WHICH BONES HAVE LOST MINERALS ESPECIALLY CALCIUM, MAKING THEM WEAKER, MORE BRITTLE.
SCOLIOSIS ABNORMAL CURVATURE OF THE SPINE, SCOLIOSIS RUNS IN FAMILY. MORE GIRSL THAN BOYS HAVE IT.
KYPHOSIS YOUR SPINE MAY LOOK NORMAL OR MAY DEVELOP A HUMP. CAN OCCUR AS A RESULT OF DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS.
LORDOSIS NORMAL SPINE WHEN VIEWED FROM BEHIND APPEARS STRAIGHT. SHOWS EVIDENCE OF A CURVATURE OF THE BONES-GIVE "SWAYBACK" APPEARANCE
TUBERCULOSIS OF THE SPINE-"POTT'S DISEASE" EFFECT SOMETIMES DESCRIBED AS BEING A SORT OF ARTHRITIS FOR THE VERTEBRAE-CAUSE CRIPPLING EFFECT
RICKETS SOFTENING AND WEAKENING OF BONES IN CHILDREN, USUALLY BECAUSE OF AN EXTREME AND PROLONGED VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY-SOME SKELETONS NEED CORRECTIVE SURGERY
SCURVY HUMAN BODY LACKS THE ABILITY TO SYNTHESIZE AND MAKE VITAMIN C AND THEREFORE DEPENDS ON EXOGENOUS DIETARY SOURCES TO MEET VITAMIN C NEEDS.
GOUT DISEASE THAT RESULTS FROM AN OVERLOAD OF UNC ACID IN BODY. THE OVERLOAD LEADS TO FORMATION OF TINY CRYSTALS OF URATE THAT DEPOSIT IN TISSUES OF BODY, ESPECIALLY JOINTS. CRYSTALS FORM IN THE JOINTS AND CAUSE REOCCURRING INFLAMMATION.
ACROMEGALY SERIOUS CONDITION THAT OCCURS WHEN THE BOYD PRODUCES TOO MUCH OF THE HORMONES THAT CONTROL GROWTH-MOST EFFECTED GROWTH HORMONE. PRODUCED BY PITUITARY GLAND-PROMOTES GROWTH OF BONE, CARTILAGE, MUSCLE, ORGANS AT BASE OF BRAIN. TISSUE GROW LARGER THAN NORMAL
POLIOMYELITIS HIGHLY INFECTIOUS DISEASE CAUSED BY A VIRUS. INVADES NERVOUS SYSTEM AND CAN CAUSE TOTAL PARALYSIS IN A MATTER OF HOURS. ENTERS BODY THROUGH MOUTH AND MULTIPLIES IN THE INTESTINE.
SPINA BIFIDA BIRTH DEFECT THAT INVOLVES THE INCOMPLETE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SPINAL CORD OR ITS COVERINGS. TERM LITERALLY MEANS "SPLIT" OR "OPEN"-OCCURS AT THE END OF THE FIRST MONTH OF PREGNANCY WHEN THE TWO SIDES OF THE EMBRYO'S SPINE FAIL TO JOIN TOGETHER.
TALIPES EQUINOVARUS-"CLUBFOOT" A DEFORMITY OF THE WHOLE FOOT THAT'S PRESENT AT BIRTH. THE CHILD IS BORN WITH THE FOOT POINTING DOWN AND TWISTED INWARDS AT THE ANKLE.
SARCOMA OSTEOSARCOMA-MOST COMMON TYPE OF BONE CANCER-ARISES IN BONE AND MOST COMMONLY FOUND IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS, PARTICUALARY IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE BEEN CURED OF OTHER CANCERS.
MYELOMA CANCER IN WHICH ABNORMAL CELLS COLLECT IN THE BONE MARROW AND FORM TUMORS.
LEUKEMIA CANCER OF THE BLOOD CELLS. STARTS IN BONE MARROW.
Created by: jae.moore124