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Medical Terminology

Ch. 4 - Body Structure/ The Anatomical Directional Terms

TermDefinition
ventral front
anterior front
posterior back
dorsal back
superior upper
inferior lower
cranial toward the skull (head)
caudal toward the tail bone (lower part of the body)
medial pertaining to the midline
lateral away from the midline
superficial close to the body surface
deep away from the body surface
supine lying horizontal, face up
prone lying horizontal, face down
distal away from the point of attachment
proximal close to the point of attachment
tranverse planei superior (upper) and inferior (lower) part of the body
frontal (coronal) plane anterior (front) and posterior (back) part of the body
sagittal plane right and left part of the body
mid sagittal two equal right and lelf halves
inversion turning inward or inside out
eversion turning outward
palmar pertaining to the palm of the hand
plantar pertaining to the sole of the foot
abduction movement away from the body midsagittal
adduction movement toward the body midsagittal
lumbar part of the spine known as loin
cervical part of the spine known as the neck
coccyx part of the spine known as tail bone
sacral part of the spine known as lower back
abdominopelvic abdominal and pelvic area or a ventral cavity that contain digestive, reproductive and excretory structures
thoracic chest or a ventral cavity that contains heart, lungs, and associated structures
Created by: Hip