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A&P

Terminology

TermDefinition
a-, ab- Away from
abdomin- of or relating to the abdomen
acous- of or relating to hearing
a-,an- without,not
ad- to,toward
aden- gland
adip- fat or fatty tissue
aesthesio- sensation
ambi- positioned on both sides
angio- blood vessel
ano- anus
ante- before
anti- against
arthr- joint
aur- pertaining to the ear
auto- self
axill- pertaining to armpit
bi- two
bili- bile
bio- life
blast-,-blast germ or bud
brachi- arm
brady- slow
bucc- pertaining to the cheek
burs- bursa
cardi- heart
carp(o)- wrist
cephal- head
cerebr- brain
chole- gall bladder, bile
chondr- cartilage
chrom- color
cili- pertaining to cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids
circum- around
clast- break
col-, colo-, colono- pertaining to the colon
contra- against
corp- body
cost- rib
cox- pertaining to the hip
crani(o)- pertaining to the cranium
cyst- pertaining to the bladder
cyt- cell
de- remove, decrease
dent- teeth
derm- skin
di- two
dia- through
dis- separation, taking apart
dors(o)- dors(i)- pertaining to the back
dys- bad, difficult
ect- outside, away from
encephal(o)- pertaining to the brain
end- in, within
enter- intestine
ep-, epi- upon, above
episi- pertaining to the pubic region
erythr- red
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away from
extra- outside
fili-, filli- fine, hair like
galact- milk
gastr- stomach
gloss- tongue
gluc-, glyc- sweet, glucose
gynec- woman
hema- blood
hemi- half
hepat- liver
hetero- varied, mixed
hist- tissue
homeo- similar, like
hydr- water, hydrogen
hyper- above, more than
hypo- below, less than
hyster- uterus
in- into, not
infra- below, underlying
inter- between
intra- within
ipse- same
iso- equal
juxta- next to
labi(o)- lip
lacrim(o)- tear
lact(i)-,lact(o) milk
lapar(o)- pertaining to the abdomen- wall or flank
laryng(o)- pertaining to the larynx
later(o)- lateral
leuk- white
lip(o)- fat
macro- large
mal- bald
mega- large, giant
melan(o)- black color
mening(o)- membrane
mero- part
meso- middle
micro- small,tiny
mono- one
morph- shape, form
muscul(o)- muscle
myel- muscle
myo- muscle
necr- dead
neo- new
nephr- kidney
neur- nerve
normo- normal
ocul(o)- pertaining to the eye
odont(o)- pertaining to the teeth
onych(o)- pertaining to the nail of a finger or toe
oophor(o)- woman's ovary
opthalm- eye
or(o)- mouth
orth(o)- denoting something as straight or correct
osseo- bony
ossi- bone
ost- bone
ot- ear
ov- egg
para- beside
path- disease
ped- foot
peri- around
phag- eat
pharyng(o) pharynx
phleb vein
phren diaphragm
pleur pertaining to the ribs
pneumo air
polio gray
poly many
post- behind, after
pre- before, in front of
presby(o) old age
pro early before giving rise to
psych- mind
pulm lung
pyo pus
pyro fever
ren kidney
retro behind
rhin pertaining to the nose
salping pertaining to the fallopian tubes
sarc flesh, muscle
schiz denoting something spilt or double sided
scler- tough, hard
semi- partial, half
sinistr- left left side
somat body, bodily
sperma- semen
spleen spleen
stom mouth
sub- beneath, below
super- above greater
syn- connecting, with
tachy- rapid, accelerated
thromb- clot
tono- tone, pressure
tox toxin, posion
trache trachea
trans- across
tympan eardrum
ultra- greater, beyond
uni- one
ur- urine
vagin- pertaining to the vagina
vas- tubule, vessel
ventro pertaining to the belly, stomach
viscer- pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera
algia pain
ase enzyme
crine to secrete
ectomy cut out surgically remove
emia blood
gen producing
graph writing
ic pertaining to
ist one who specializes in
itis inflammation
logy- denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field
lysis splitting
meter measure
oid like similar to
ole small
opia vision
osis state of having or being
ostomy opening
penia absence or deficiency
plasm fluid
plegia- paralysis stroke
phea- respiration
rrage- to burst forward excessive discharge
rrhea flow
sect cut
some body
stomy make an opening
tomy cutting
trope to turn
troph nourishment
ule- small
Created by: Dancer14