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Medical Terminology

Ch 1, 2 & 3 - Word Roots (final)

Word root a foundation term usually indicate name of body organ; is derived from 2 languages Greek or Latin.
Greek word root (G) describes disease, condition, diagnosis, etc.
Latin word root (L) describe anatomical structure related to organ
cardi heart
gastr stomach
hepat liver
enter intestine
oste bone
arthr joint
rhin nose
col/ colon colon, large intestine
derm (G) skin
cutane (L) skin
nephr (G) kidney
ren (L) kidney
lith stone
cyt cell
nucle nucleus
kary nucleus
hem blood
hemat blood
thromb blood clot
blephar eye lid
opthalm eye
opia vision
cephal head
crani skull
nate newborn (first 4 wks)
ception pregancy
gravida pregnancy
cyesis pregnancy
para give birth
gamy wife
graft tissue
hist tissue
pnea breathing
stoma mouth
my muscle
dactyly fingers or toes
cyst urinary bladder
glyc sugar
sten narrowing
thorac chest
abdomin chest
lumb lower back
umbilic navel
pelv/o pelvis
pelv/i pelvis
chrom color
cyt cell
erythr red
leuk white
albin white
cirrh yellow
xanth yellow
jaund yellow
cyan blue
chlor green
melan black
poli gray
eti cause
idi unknown, peculiar
viscer internal organs
somat body
stoma mouth
morph form, shape, structure
xer dry
inguin groin
caud tail
medi middle
later side
dors back of the body
ventr belly
umbilic umbilicus, navel
dist far, farthest
proxim near, nearest
anter front, anterior
poster back, behind, posterior
infer inferior, lower, below
acr spine
radi radiation, x-ray
spin extremity
path disease
Created by: Hip
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