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Greek History

Vocab for Greek City States

QuestionAnswer
epic poem a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero, such as the Odessy
arete in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest
polis the early Greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding territory
acropolis in early Greek city-states, a fortified gathering place at the top of a hill which was sometimes the site of temples and public
agora in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as a market
hoplite in the early Greek military system, heavily armed foot soldiers
democracy “the rule of the many,” government by the people, either directly or through their elected representatives
helot in ancient Sparta, captive peoples who were forced to work for their conqueres
Age of Percles the period between 461 and 429 b.c. when Pericles dominated Athenian politics and Athens reached the height of its power
ostracism in ancient Athens, the process for temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote
oligarchy "rule by a few", government by a few men or families
oracle in ancient Greece, a sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess
Socratic Method the method of teaching used by the Greek philosopher Socrates, it employs a question-and-answer format to lead pupils to see things for themselves by using their own reason
Created by: korprof