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Bone Fractures

Human Anatomy - Bone Growth and Maintenance - Classification of Bone Fractures

QuestionAnswer
avulsion (Abriss) complete severing of a body part (typically toe or fringer)
closed (simple) bone does not break through skin
colles fracture of the distal end of the lateral forearm bone (radius)
comminuted bone is splintered into several small pieces between the main parts
complete bone is broken into two or more pieces
compression bone is squashed (may occur in vertebra during a fall)
depressed broken part of the bone forms a concavity (as in skull fracture)
displaced fracture bone parts are out of anatomic alignment
epiphyseal epiphysis is seperated from the diaphysis at the epiphyseal plate
greenstick partial fracture; one side of bone breaks, the other side bends
hairline fine crack in which sections of bone remain aligned (common in skull)
impacted one fragment of bone is firmly driven into the other
incomplete partial fracture that extends only partway across bone
linear fracture is parallel to the long axis of the bone
oblique diagonal fracture at an angle between linear and transverse
open (compound) broken ends of the bone protrude through the skin
pathologic weakening of a bone caused by disease processes (e.g. cancer)
pott fracture at the distal end of the tibia, fibula or both
spiral fracture spirals around axis of long bone; results from twisting stress
stress thin fracture due to repeated, stressful impact such as running. (may be difficult to see on x-rays)
transverse fracture at right angle to the long axis of the bone
Created by: allerlei