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Medical Terminology

Mid Term

Flexion Bending, Bent
Plantar Flexion Pointing the toes downward
Opposition Moving the thumb away from the palm.
Supination Turning the palm upward
Patella Knee Cap
Tibia Shin Bone
Clavicle Collarbone
Arthroscopy Examines the inside of a joint
Osteoporosis Decrease in bone mass that results in thinning and weaking of the bone
Scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
Spondylolisthesis The foward sliding of a lumbar vertebra over the vertebra below it.
Dual-Energy Absorptiometry Diagnostic procedure used to detect osteoporosis.
Metacarpals Hand Bones
Manibular Pertaining to the mandible or lower jaw.
Kinesi/o Movement
Ten/o, Tend/o, Tendin/o Tendon
My/o, Myos/o, Muscul/o Muscle
Arthr/o, Articul/o Joint
Chondr/o Cartilage
Ankyl/o Stiff Joint
Kyph/o Hump
Lord/o Swayback, Curve
Myel/o Bone Marrow
Orth/o Straight
Oste/o Bone
Ped/o Child or Foot
Scoli/o Crooked or bent
Vertebr/o Vertebra
Ven/o Vein
Ventricul/o Ventricle
Angi/o Vessel
Aort/o Aorta
Arteri/o Artery
Arther/o Fatty Substance
Atri/o Atrium
Cardi/o, Coron/o Heart
Hemangi/o Blood Vessel
Sphygm/o Pulse
Valv/o, Valvul/o Valve
Thromb/o Clot
-Manometer Instrument to measure pressure.
-Ole, -Ule Small
-Tension Pressure
Gram Record
Aorta Largest artery in the body.
Arterioles Smallest arteries in the body.
Interatrial Pertaining to between the atria.
Arteriosclerosis Hardened artery
Cardiomegaly Enlarged Heart
Hypertension High Pressure
Angiography Process of recording a vessel.
Auscultation Listening to the sounds within the body.
Steth/o Chest
Agglutin/o Clumping
Bas/o Base
Chrom/o Color
Coagul/o Clotting
Eosin/o Rosy Red
Erythr/o Red
Fibrin/o Fibers, Fibrous
Granul/o Granules
Hem/o, Hemat/o Blood
Leuk/o White
Morph/o Shape
Neutr/o Neutral
Phag/o Eat or swallow
Thrombo/o Clot
Adenoid/o Adenoids
-Cytosis More than the normal number of cells.
-Emia Blood Condition
-Penia Abnormal decrease, too few.
-Phil Attracted to
-Poiesis Formation
-Stasis Standing Still
Fibrinolysis Destruction of Fibers.
Leukocyte White blood cell
Erythrocyte Red blood Cell
Thrombocytosis Too many clotting cells (platelets).
Pancytopenia Too few of all cells.
Hematopoiesis Blood Producing
Tonsillar Pertaining to Tonsils
Thymectomy Removal of the thymus
Immunologist Immunity Specialist
Lymphadenopathy Lymph gland disease
Lymphangioma Lymph vessel tumor
Splenomegaly Enlarged Spleen
Agranulocyte Nongranular Cell
Lymphatic Pertaining to lymph
Thrombocyte Clotting Cell
Pathogenic Disease producing
Erythropoiesis Red cell production
Hemolysis, Hemolytic Blood destruction
Sanguinous, Hematic Pertaining to blood.
Fibrinogen Fiber Producing
Leukocytosis Too many white blood cells.
Erythropenia Too few red cells.
Splenotomy Cut into the spleen
Created by: Magyc468