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A&P 2 final review

QuestionAnswer
white portion of the eye, serves as a protective covering sclera
colored portion of the eye iris
controls the amount of light entering the eye pupil
thin mucous membrane layer that lines the anterior portion of the eye conjunctiva
produces tears lacrimal gland
located in the inner edge of the eye where tears drain from lacrimal duct
transparent, nonvascular layer covering the colored portion of the eye cornea
middle layer of the eye that provides blood supply choroid
colorless structure that aides in focusing lens
innermost layer of the eye that transmits nerve impulses retina
responsible for vision in dim lighting and peripheral vision rods
responsible for color vision, central vision and vision in bright light cones
receives impulses from the retina and transmits them to the brain optic nerve
abnormal shaped cornea that causes light rays to be focused irregularly in the retina astigmatism
inability to perceive colors monochromatism
weakened muscle causing drooping of the upper eyelid blepharoptosis
surgical procedure to insert tubes into the middle ear myringotomy
outer ear infection Otitis externa
middle ear infection otitis media
ear wax cerumen
torn or jagged wound laceration
also known as cradle cap seborrheic keratosis
head lice pediculosis capitis
form of skin cancer that results from cells that produce melanin malignant melanoma
uses liquid nitrogen to remove unwanted skin tags cryosurgery
localized collection of pus abcess
fluid filled sac cyst
outer layer of skin epidermis
hard fibrous protein found in hair keratin
composed of loose connective and adipose tissue subcutaneous
characterized by demylenization of the myelin sheath multiple sclerosis
consists of the medulla, midbrain, and pons brain stem
inflammation of the brain encephalitis
made up of 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal nerves peripheral nervous system
maintains muscle tone and balance cerebellum
dura mater, arachnoid membrane, pia mater meninges
fight or flight response sympathetic nervous system
secretes bile liver
removal of the gallbladder cholecystectomy
digestive system is how long 30 feet
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity ascites
gluten sensitive disease celiac
chronic inflammation of the digestive tract chrohns
obstructive of the intestine ilius
another term for heartburn dyspepsia
chronic disease of the liver cirrhosis
produced by the pituitary gland adrenocorticotropic hormone
helps to regulate calcium levels parathyroid gland
the master gland pituitary gland
located midline in the body, behind the sternum thymus gland
stimulates the secretion of thyroid hormone TSH
helps control blood pressure ADH
stimulates hormones to maintain pregnancy HCG
stimulates growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex ACTH
area between the vaginal orifice and anus perineum
secretes a mucous that lubricates the vagina bartholins glands
vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries internal genitalia
responsible for the production of milk mammary glands
ovulation occurs approximately how many days prior/after the start of a menstrual cycle 14
absence of menstrual flow amenorrhea
painful menstrual flow dysmenorrhea
contraception that is 100% effective abstinence
barrier method of birth control condoms
permanent birth control for females tubal ligation
growth of endometrial tissue outside the endometrium endometriosis
benign fibrous tumor of the uterus fibroid tumor
infection of the fallopian tubes pelvic inflammatory disease
opening of the cervical opening followed by scraping of the uterine lining dilatation and curettage
microscopic examination of the cells of the cervix pap smear
sac located posterior to the penis scrotum
male gonads testes
sperm mature, become fertile and motile here epididymis
male organ of copulation penis
absence of one or both testicles anorchism
enlargement of the prostate common in men over 50 benign prostatic hypertrophy
congenital defect which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis hypospadias
inability of a male to achieve or sustain an erection impotence
highly contagious viral infection caused by herpes simplex virus genital herpes
std characterized by lesions and can be treated with penicillin G syphilis
surgical removal of the forskin of the penis circumcision
surgical removal of a testicle orchidectomy
autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism characterized by a goiter Graves disease
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the eyelids, aka pink eye conjuctivitis
medical doctor that specializes in disorders of the GI system gastroenterologist
the first portion of the small intestine duodenum
portion of the adrenal gland that secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine adrenal medulla
hormones produced by the ovaries estrogen and progesterone
contains the islets of Langerhans that produce insulin pancreas
glucose intolerance that occurs during pregnancy gestational diabetes
temporary paralysis in the face that mimics a stroke bells palsy
involves death of a specific portion of brain tissue CVA
serious bacterial infection of the meniges menigitis
paralysis of the lower extremities paraplegia
Created by: clarevoyant1019