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med term final

page 2

what is the function of voluntary muscles? what do they look like? give an example voluntary muscles are muscles whose actions are controlled by the individuals will. examples: legs, arms, toes
what is the pectorals major and where is it found? large muscle in the upper chest creates bulk to the chest
what is the myocardium? muscular tissue of the heart
adhesions fibrous bands of scar tissue that form a between internal organs and tissues joining together abnormally
palpation examination with the hands
leukopenia reduction in the number of white cells in the blood
aneurysm excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall
embolus a blood clot, air bubble, fatty deposit,or other object that has been carried in the bloodstream
lymphadenitis inflammation go the lymph nodes
immunity the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxins by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
explain the difference between paraplegia, quadriplegia, and hemiplegia paraplegia-paralysis of the lower half of the body quadriplegia- caused by damage to the brain or the spinal cord causes victims to lose partial or total function of all four limbs, the arms and the legs hemiplegia- paralysis on one side of the body
what is an autoimmune disease? which arthritic condition is autoimmune? a disease in which the body's immune system attacks healthy cells.
compare metastasis vs. mestastasize metastasis- development of secondary malignant growths at the distance from a primary site of cancer metastasize- spread of cancer to other sites in the body by metastasis
what do systolic and diastolic refer to? blood pressure
what is the function of the epiglottis the epiglottis is a flap of cartilage at the roof of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the wind pipe
pleurisy (pleuritis) inflammation go the tissues that line the lungs and chest cavity
trachea large membranous tube reinforced by rings of cartilage; the windpipe
bronchi any go the major air passages of the lungs that diverge from the windpipe
bronchioles any of the branches where the bronchus divides
hemoptysis coughing up blood
phlegm thick viscous substances secreted by the mucous membranes of the respiratory passages
aspiration condition where food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breathed into the the airways
parasite organism that lives in or on another organism
hyperemesis severe type of nausea during pregnancy
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
shingles a reactivation of the chicken pox virus in the body, causes a painful rash
hematopoietic formation of blood
homeostasis state of equilibrium
diaphysis main or midsection of the bone
tarsals, metatarsals metatarsals 5 long bones in the foot, tarsals 9 small bones near the ankle
carpals, metacarpals metacarpals long bones within the hand connected to the carpals, or wrist bones
manubrium uppermost portion of the sternum
Created by: densborng



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