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European History

What were the 2 causes of the French Revolution? 1. Lower and middle classes were being treated very poorly by the upper class 2. They were paying most of the taxes but had no voice in the government
Name 3 ways the Industrial Revolution changed the way people lived and worked? 1. cities grew rapidly because workers moved there for jobs 2. standards of living improved 3. a prosperous middle class developed.
When and where did the Industrial Revolution start? Great Britain in the 1700s.
What was the Industrial Revolution? A period of time when industry grew rapidly and workers produced goods made by machines in factories.
True or False: City populations decreased during the Industrial Revolution because of the many diseases. False: Cities grew rapidly during the industrial revolution because people migrated there for factory jobs.
What did the treaty of Versailles force Germany to do? 1. Pay several billion dollars in war damages 2. accept full blame for the war 3. give up many of their territories that were formed into new countries.
What do we call Hitler's killing of 6 million Jews during WWII? The Holocaust
What were 3 characteristics of the Cold War? 1. Military alliances were created to defend against possible attack 2. Nuclear bombs were stocked piled on both sides 3. No direct war was ever waged
What signaled the end of the Cold War? The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989
True or False: the Iron Curtain was a giant fence that kept people from crossing from communist Eastern Europe into Democratic Western Europe. False: The Iron Curtain was an imaginary border that divided Europe during the Cold War.
What did Hitler promise the German people? To make them a strong nation again
True of False: The Germans were unhappy with the outcome of World War I. True
What was the Germany economy like after World War I? It was very weak because they had to pay billions of dollars in war damages and their economy had plunged.
Why was Europe's coastline so important to the continent's success? With access to the water, it allowed exploration and trade!
What is the purpose of a map's legend or key? describes what the map symbols mean
What is the purpose of a map's symbols? represents items or locations on a map (ex. triangles mean mountains!)
What is the purpose of a map's scale? measures distance as shown on a map
What did the Ancient Greeks contribute to our modern government? Democracy
What did the Ancient Romans contribute to our modern government? The Republic
What did the Ancient Greeks contribute to architecture? columns
What did the Ancient Romans contribute to architecture? arches & aqueducts
What did the Ancient Greeks contribute to modern societies? 1. Olympics 2. Philosopher's Ideas 3. Foundations of geometry
What did the Ancient Romans contribute to modern societies? 1. Wide network of roads 2. Latin language - roots of other languages 3. Legalized Christianity (Constantine)
What event in European History was a rebirth of art, architecture, literature and learning? The Renaissance
Who was the man who wrote the 95 Theses which was an objection to the corrupt practices of the Roman Catholic Church? (This event started the Protestant Reformation) Martin Luther
Serfs, Vassals, Lords and Kings were the levels of a class system called... The Feudal System
The document which limited the rights of kings and protected the rights of citizens for the first time was called The Magna Carta
How did the Gutenberg printing press (invented in the Renaissance) impact the world? 1. Made it possible to print a lot of books at one time 2. Spread education and humanist ideas across Europe 3. Led to an increase in art, architecture and literature
Created by: heymrsgary