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1920's Germany


Weimar Republic The federal republic and semi-presidential representative democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace the German Empire.
Occupation of Ruhr Occupation of industrial River valley region in Germany by French & Belgian troops. Provoked by German deficiencies in coal & coke deliveries to France. Passive resistance by German workers paralyzed Ruhr’s economy & caused collapse of German currency.
Gustav Stressman Chancellor & foreign minister of the Weimar Republic, largely responsible for restoring Germany’s international status after WWI. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1926 for his policy of reconciliation and negotiation.
Aristide Briand Statesman who served 11 times as premier of France, holding a total of 26 ministerial posts between 1906 and 1932. His efforts for international cooperation, brought him the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1926, which he shared with Gustav Stresemann of Germany.
Paul Von Hindenburg German WWI military commander and president. Fought in Austro-Prussian War & the Franco-German War. Shared power w/ Erich Ludendorff. Drew US n2 battle w/ submarine warfare. He became president of Weimar Republic. He died after naming Hitler chancellor.
Impact of the Great Depression Made it easier for Hitler to get into power. As unemployment rose so did the Nazi party, becoming the biggest and most popular party in Europe.
Benito Mussolini In 1919, he created the Fascist Party, eventually making himself dictator and holding all the power in Italy. He overextended his forces during WWII and was eventually killed by his own people,
Fascism Struggle and violence are crucial to becoming stronger. Those who can’t withstand it are weak. Belief in one great leader. Cult-like
Created by: Tain45