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European Diplomacy


Sickman of Europe commonly attributed to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, referring to the Ottoman Empire, because it was increasingly falling under the financial control of the European powers and had lost territory in a series of disastrous wars.
Congress of Berlin (1878) Meeting of major European powers, revised peace settlement to satisfy interests of GBritain, by denying Russia extent of naval power & Austria-Hungary by allowing it to occupy Bosnia & Herzegovina. Russia must return conquered lands
Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia was given to Austria and was their temporary leader so Austria could go along w/ the agreement. Russia is mad about being left out but since they caused this incident they get nothing.
Bosnian Annexation Crisis Secret deal between Russia and Austria-Hungary that involved secret planned attacks so Serbia could get a water port. H-A broke deal when they voted against it. Serbia feels Russia let them down but Russia promises to support next time.
Balkans Russia wanted to get rid of Turkey so they would have access to their ports. But when Britain stopped them they went w/ plan B: encourage Slavik nationalism in the Balkans, where non-slavik empires had ruled the south slavs.
Serbia a slovik country that is land locked, wanted a water port. They don’t think that a mostly slavik country like Bosnia should be owned by Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary hates this country because they support slovik nationalism
The Black Hand secret Serbian society that used terrorist methods to promote liberation of Serbs outside Serbia from Habsburg or Ottoman rule and was instrumental in planning the assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand, causing the outbreak of WWI.
Main causes of WWI Militarism Alliance System Imperialism and Economic Rivalry Nationalism
Britain's' Life-Line India was a jewel in their crown. It’s so important to Britain that they built the suis canal. If anyone messed w/ that canal, they're guaranteed war. It's vulnerable
Cape to Cairo Railroad One of Britain's biggest goals. To one day get an unbroken string of territory so they could create a railroad and ship resources back and fourth.
Russian and a Warm Water Port Part of Bosnia Annexation. Serbia, a land locked nation wanted a water port. Austria is allowed to annex Bosnia so Russia could go to counsel and get their port. But this plan backfired
Pan-Slavism A movement in the mid-19th century, aimed at unity of all the Slavic peoples. Main impact occurred in the Balkans, where non-Slavic empires had ruled the South Slavs for centuries.
Triple Alliance 1907: France, Britain, Russia vs. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Triple Entente The understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente
Moroccan Crises (1905,1911) 1. international crisis that worsened German relations w/ France & UK, and helped success of new Anglo-French Entente Cordiale 2. international tension sparked by the deployment of a substantial force of French troops
July Crisis, 1914 Austria-Hungary's post-assassination ultimatum was part of a plan meant to weaken Serbia's threat to take control of the northern Balkans and its Southern Slavic population.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand immediate cause (short term) of WWI. If someone kills your future leader and you do nothing about it, you look weak.
Schliefen Plan The operational plan for a designated attack on France once Russia had started to mobilize forces near the German border. The execution of the plan led to Britain declaring war on Germany
Entente Coridale Anglo-French agreement that, by settling a number of controversial matters, ended antagonisms between Great Britain and France and paved the way for their diplomatic cooperation against German pressures in the decade preceding World War I.
Created by: Tain45