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Language & Religion

Language and Religion test for Human Geography

QuestionAnswer
How does a language family go? Family>Branch>Group
What is a universal religion? seek converts
What are examples of a universal religion? Christianity, Buddhism, Islam
What is an ethnic religion? tied to a particular place and certain people
What is an example of an ethnic religion? Judaism, Hinduism,
What does a universal religion usually revolve around? A story of a man
animism Beliefs that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
autonomous religion A religion that doesn't have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
branch A large and fundamental division within a religion.
caste The class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
cosmogony A Set of religious beliefs concerning origin of the universe.
denomination A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body.
fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
ghetto During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressures
hierarchical religion A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
missionary An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
monotheism The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
pagan A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
polytheism Belief in or worship of more than one god.
sect A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
solstice Sun farthest from equator.happens twice a year the tilt of Earths axis most inclined toward or away from Sun, causing Suns apparent position in sky to reach its most northernmost or southernmost extreme, and resulting in shortest + longest days of year
British Received Pronunciation (BRP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Creole or creolized language A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Ebonics Dialect spoken by some African Americans.
Extinct language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Franglais A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of fran├žais and anglais, the French words for "French" and English,"
Ideograms The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Isolated language . A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken.
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic Americans.
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
Daoism basic tenets mystical and magical aspects of life. seek dao or the way. polytheistic.Ethnic to China and Taiwan
Shintoism basic tenets Ethnic to Japan. Polytheistic. No sacred text
Sikhism basic tenets Ethnic to India. Guru Nanak founder.sacred book Guru Granth Sahih. monotheistic. avoid 5 vices. Branch of Islam
Jainism basic tenets North Western India Ethnic. believe everything has life. Siramina tradition.
Baha'i basic tenets Universalizing religion. Seeks converts. monotheistic. Have temple on every continent except Antarctica. Mainly practiced in Africa and Asia
Why do many people speak English? Because of the British Empire in the 17th 18th and 19th century
What are the origins of English? Celts, Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Normans
What are the 3 Germanic tribes? Angles, Saxons, Jutes
When did the Normans invade England? 1066 CE
What are the 8 branches of Indo- European languages? Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Greek, Indo-Iranian, Romance
What are the Romance languages? Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian
Where did the Romance branch get its name? roman languages
How many languages does Nigeria have? 493
dominant religion (s) in south america roman catholic
dominant religion(s) in canada protestant
dominant religion(s) in US protestant and roman catholic
dominant religion(s) in North africa Sunni
dominant religion(s) in eastern europe eastern orthodox
dominant religion(s) in western europe roman catholic and protestant
dominant religion(s) in middle east sunni
dominant religion(s) in south asia hindu
dominant religion(s) in east asia buddhism
% of world speaks a language in indo-european family 48
% of world speaks a language in sino-tibetan family 26
% of world speaks a language in afro- asiatic 6
% of world speaks a language in austronesian 5
% of world speaks a language in dravidian 4
% of world speaks a language in altaic 3
% of world speaks a language in niger-congo 3
% of world speaks a language in japanese 2
% of world speaks a language in smaller family 3
dominant language family in US indo-european
dominant language family canada indo-european and amerindian
dominant language family in south america indo-european and amerindian
dominant language family north africa afro-asiatic
dominant language family south africa niger-congo
dominant language family in west europe indo-european
dominant language family russia indo-european and uralic
dominant language family mid asia altaic
dominant language family in south asia indo- european and dravidian
dominant language family east asia sino-tibetan
Created by: edenbreslauer