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Med Term Ch 12

Dooley's Med Term Ch 12

cutane/o skin
derma skin
sebaceous gland oil gland
sebum lubrcating secretion from sebaceous glands
sudoriferous gland sweat gland
keratin the protein that makes up skin, hair and nails
epidermis outermost layer of the skin
epithelial tissue covers all internal and external structures of the body
tactile pertaining to touch
perception ability to recognize sensory stimulus
subcutaneous below the skin; connects skin to muscle
dermis layer of living tissue belw the epidermis
adipose fat
lip/o fat
perspiration sweat
perspiring act of secreting sweat
hidrosis production & secretion of sweat
follicles sac that holds the root of hair fiber
arrector pili muscle that cause hair to stand erect
hair dead protein cells filled with hard keratin
unguis nail
cuticle 'little skin'; helps hold nail in place
lunula half moon shaped region of the nail
dermatologist diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the skin
comedo blackhead
sebaceous cyst closed pouch that holds sebum
seborrhea overproduction of sebum
seborrheic dermatitis inflammation caused by seborrhea
cradle cap common name for seborrheic dermatitis
anhidrosis lacking sweat
hyperhidrosis excessive sweating
diaphoresis profuse sweating; cold sweat
miliaria heat rash
hirsutism excessive hairiness
alopecia baldness
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nail characterized by yellowed, thickened nails
paronychia infection of the skin around the nail
subungual hematoma collection of blood under a nail usually caused by trauma
albinism hereditary disorder characterized by a lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes due to lack of melanin
melanin dark brown to black pigment in the skin
acne vulgaris chronic inflammtion of skin characterized by pustules near the sebaceous glands; common in adolescence
dyschromia disorder of pigmentation of the skin
melanosis unusual deposits of melanin in the skin
vitiligo loss of melanocytes resulting in irregular, whitish areas of the skin
lesion pathologic change in the skin due to trauma or disease
melanocyte produces the skin pigment melanin
lesion pathologic change in tissue due to diease or trauma
contusion injury that does not break the skin; swelling, discoloration, pain; AKA bruise
ecchymosis bruising; purple discoloration caused by hemorrhaging within the skin
crust dried serum and cell debris
macule flat lesion; ex: flat mole or freckle
nevus/nevi mole/moles
nodule bump
papule raised lesion; ex: wart, skin tag, insect bites
petechiae pinpoint hemorrhages
scale flaking dry patch made of dead pidermal cells
verrucae warts; caused by human papilloma virus
wheal elevated lesion, red or pale in color, associated with itching
abcess localized collection of pus
cyst sac with fluid or semisolid material
pustule small pus filled lesion; ex: pimple
vesicle small serum filled lesion; Ex: blister
abrasion scrape
fissure a crack in the skin
laceration a jagged cut
ulcer open sore or erosion
port wine stain reddish purple discoloration of the skin of the face and neck
hemangioma tumor formed by new blood vessels
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatosis abnormal condition of the skin
eczema acute or chronic inflammation of the skin
erythema any reddness of the skin ex: blushing, sunburn
pruritis itching
purpur hemorrhage into the skin causing bruising
urticaria rash with itching
furuncle boil caused by staph
carbuncle collection of several boils
cellulitis infection causing severe inflammation within the layers of the skin
gangrene tissue necrosis associated with loss of circulation
impetigo highly contagious skin infection caused
tinea cruris fungal infection in the genital area; jock itch
tiena pedis fungal infection of the feet; athlete's foot
pediculosis lice
pediculosis capitis head lice
pediculosis corporis body lice
pediculosis pubis pubic lice
callus thickened skin caused by rubbing
cicatrix normal scar
granulation tissue normal healing tissue that becomes a scar
keloid raised, thickened scar
lipoma benign fatty tumor
polyp mushroom like growth on the mucous membrane
skin tags small lesions that hang from the body on stalks
melanoma skin cancer arising from the melanin producing cells
biopsy removal of a piece of living tissue for the purpose of diagnosing a lesion
burn an injury from radiation, heat,flame, electricity, sun, chemicals
cauterization destruction of tissue by burningfor therapeutic purposes
debridement removal of dirt, debris, foreign material, dead tissue from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing
incision & drainage involves cutting open a lesion and draining its contents
Created by: dgdooley