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Ch 9 Nominations

QuestionAnswer
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a party. nomination
A meeting of party leaders for selecting delegates for the convention. Voters stand by the candidate of their choice. The candidate with the least number of votes is eliminated, those voters pick a new candidate, repeat until you have winner. caucus
Election in which voters in a state vote for a candidate. This is the system that most states use. Voters show up cast their vote & leave. primary
National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the DNC. Makes up 20% of the democrat delegates. The purpose was to ensure the party nominates an electable candidate for the general election. superdelegates
The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention. Candidates may also do this by spending most of their time/money in the early states to try to build momentum. frontloading
Political party’s statement of its goals & policies for the next 4 years. Statement of the party’s beliefs. party platform
Donations are matched from the Pres. Election Campaign fund to candidates for president who qualify and agree to meet various conditions. Most candidates today deny the funds because it limits how much they can spend on the campaign. matching funds
Contributions earmarked for party building expenses at the grass roots level for generic party advertising. This money goes to the party not the candidate and was unlimited until the McCain-Feingold Act was passed. soft money
Independent groups that seek to influence the political process but are not subject to contribution restrictions. They do not endorse candidates, instead make negative ads against the opposition or do issue ads. Ex- Swift Boat Veterans 527
interest groups that are allowed to raise and spend unlimited amounts of money from corporations, unions, individuals and associations. Cant contribute to candidates directly but can run issue ads. PAC/Super Pac
Phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with. EX- If you believe in global warming you only notice the evidence that supports the theory and ignore the evidence that disproves the theory. Selective perception
A 6 member bipartisan agency. Administers and enforces campaign finance laws. Created after Watergate. Federal Election Commission
Supreme Court ruled corporations and unions had a 1st amendment right to donate money to political campaigns. Citizens United