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Ch. 32

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Abortion spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus reaches a viable age
adenomyosis benign invasive growth of endometrial tissue into the myometrium
Bartholin glands two small glands located at the opening of the vagina
blastocyte group of cells in early gestation that will form an embryo
coitus sexual intercourse
colposcopy examination of vaginal and cervical tissues of the vagina and cervix
conception time at which an ovum is fertilized
dilation increase in size
effacement thinning of the cervix during labor
endometrium mucous membrane that lines the uterus
episiotomy incision made into the perineum to facilitate delivery of a baby
estrogen hormone that stimulates female characteristics
fetus term used to describe a developing human in utero from 9 weeks' gestation (after embryonic stage) until birth
fundus area of the uterus above the openings to the Fallopian tubes
gestation time from conception to birth
gravidity total number of pregnancies
hormone chemical substance released from a gland or organ
lactation process in which a mother produces milk for her new born infant
mammary glands milk producing glands in a female
menarche age of first menstruation
menopause permanent cessation of menstruation, usually occurring between ages 38 to 58
menstruation female cycle of producing and expelling the unfertilized ovum
neonate newborn from birth to one month of age
ovaries glands that produce ova the cells from the female necessary for procreation
papanicolaou test test used to detect cancer of cervical cells
perineum area between the vaginal opening and the anus
placenta uterine structure that is connected to the fetus by the umbilical cord and fro, which the fetus obtains nourishment and oxygen
postpartum time from birth up to 6 weeks
prenatal time of gestation before birth
progesterone hormone that prepares the uterus for pregnancy
prolactin hormone that stimulates breast development and production of milk
zygote fertilized ovum
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
colpoptosis prolapse of the vagina
galactopoiesis milk production
gynecology study of diseases of the female reproductive system and the breasts
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
mammography radiographic imaging of the breast
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast
oophorectomy excision of an ovary
ovariotubal concerning the ovary and the oviducts
perinoplasty reparative surgery on the perineum
salpingocele hernia of the Fallopian tube
vaginaplexy repair of a relaxed or prolapsed vagina
antepartum period of pregnancy between conception and onset of labor
dysmenorrhea pain associated with menstruation
multipara woman who has delivered more than one viable infant
postmenopausal time period after the permanent cessation of menstruation
precoital prior to sexual intercourse
primagravida woman during her first pregnancy
nulligravida a woman who has never conceived a child
unipara a woman who has had one pregnancy to 20 weeks or longer
amenorrhea abnormal absence of menstruation
pyosalpinx pus in the Fallopian tube
dystocia difficult or painful childbirth
adenomyosis benign invasive growth of endometrial tissue into myometrium
eclampsia disorder of pregnancy marked by hypertension, convulsions, and coma
endometriosis growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, commonly on adjacent organs
fibroids benign uterine tumors
gestational diabetes diabetes mellitus that occurs during pregnancy
menorrhagia menstrual bleeding that is excessive in amount of blood and number of days of menstruation
placenta previa condition in which the placenta is located over the cervical opening to the vagina
preeclampsia condiation during pregnancy characaerized by increasing blood pressure, protienuria, and edema
uterine prolapse protrusion of the uterus through the vagina
sexually transmitted disease infection that spreads by sexual contact
C- section cesarean section
D&C dilatation and curettage
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
GYN gynecology
IUD intrauterine device
IVF in vitro fertilization
LH leutinizing hormone
LMP last menstrual period
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology
OC oral contraceptive
pap test papanicolaou test
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
STD sexually transmitted disease
STI sexually transmitted infection
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TAH-BSO total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
what is another name for candidiasis yeast infection
what are five causes of candidiasis antibiotics, oral contraceptives, diabetes, tight clothing, and steroids
what are some symptoms of candidiasis white, pruritis vaginal discharge, burning with urination,
list three medications that treat candidiasis diflucan, gyne-lotrimon, and monistat
how is candidiasis diagnosed a wet prep
where are the bartholin glands located in each lateral wall of the vagina
how are bartholin gland cyst treated a warm compress or it can be lanced
ehy is chlamydia considered the silent std up to 75% of females are asymptomatic
how is chlamydia treated antibiotics for a minimum of one week
what other infections are women with chlamydia more susceptible to HIV
what causes genital herpes herpes simplex virus II
what are some symptoms of genital herpes local pain, itching, burning, dysuria, tingling that leads to a rash
can genital herpes be cured there is no cure
when is herpes likely to be transmitted during an outbreak
what is the danger to the fetus if the mother has genital herpes resp. illness, retinal infection, encephalitis, or death
what organism causes genital warts HPV
how are genital warts treated topical podophyllin or laser surgery
what type of cancer do genital warts increase the risk for cervical cancer
who is at highest risk for gonorrhea sexually active teens
what are the symptoms of gonorrhea greenish/ yellow discharge from the cervix
what co-infection is present in 30% of people with gonorrhea chlamydia
who most commonly gets syphilis teens, young adults, illicit drug abusers, and HIV+
stage 1 of syphilis ulcers
stage 2 of syphilis wide spread body rash
stage 3 of syphilis aortic damage
what are the symptoms of AIDS fatigue, fever, chills, night sweats, oral ulcerations, dyspnea, dysphagia, anorexia, pneumonia, diarrhea, weight loss, and confusion
what is the survival rate of AIDS with out treatment 9-11 years
how is AIDS spread person to person contact
what are the symptoms of trichomoniasis frothy white or yellow vaginal discharge with a characteristic foul odor
what microorganism causes trichomoniasis trichomonas vaginalis
what type of cancer does trichomoniasis increase the risk for cervical cancer
what does dysmenorrhea cause ppain in the liwer abdominal and pelvic areas
list four causes for dysmenorrhea hormonal imbalance, endometiaosis, uterine fibroids, PID
what can you advise Pts with dysmenorrhea to avoid caffeine and alcohol
what are the characteristics of PCOS irregular ovulation, excessive male hormones,
how is PCOS diagnosed blood test
how are ovarian cysts and PCOS treated oral contraceptives
what is endometriosis growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus
how is endometriosis diagnosed visual examination
what are the main symptoms of endometriosis pain that starts 5-6 days before menstruation until 3-4 days after menstruation
what is the main complication of endometriosis impaired fertility
what is pelvic inflammatory disease AKA PID any acute or chronic infection of the female reproductive system
what is the most common cause of PID gonorrhea and chlamydia
what are a few common symptoms of PID discharge, odor, fever, malaise, lower abdominal pain
what are fibroids smooth tumors made of muscle and fat
what symptoms can uterine fibroids cause menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea
what are some four causes of uterine prolapse age, weakening of the musculature, pelvic tumors, and straining
how is uterine prolapse diagnosed examination
how is uterine prolapse treated uteropexy
what is an ectopic pregnancy implantation of a fertilized egg in other places other than the uterus
what are the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy sharp pain, fever, and bleeding
how is ectopic pregnancy treated surgery
what is another name for a spontaneous abortion miscarriage
what is done if a spontaneous abortion is incomplete a D&C
how often do spontaneous abortion occur in first pregnancy 30% of all first pregnancies
who is most at risk for developing gestational diabetes women over 25, overweight, and a family history
what is the treatment for gestational diabetes cal. restriction, exercise, possibly insulin
waht is the risk for the baby of a mom with gestational diabetes macrosomia
what is the risk for the mom (who suffers from gestational diabetes) later on in life 50% chance of diabetes
what increases the risk of placenta previa women over 35, previous uterine surgery, increased parity
what are some symptoms of placenta previa slight hemorrhage w/ recurrent severity in the 7th or 8th month
how is abruptio placentae diagnosed pt reports painless bleeding in 3rd trimester
what happens to the fetus in grade 3 abruptio death
what are some symptoms of eclampsia hypertension, protienuria, and edema
how is eclampsia treated treatment is directed towards managing seizures and monitoring blood pressure
what kind of damage can occur due to eclampsia damage to the placenta and organ damage
what are some symptoms of breast cancer breast mass, nipple discharge, and nodules
what are some risk factors of breast cancer BRCA-1 or 2, early menstruation, late menopause, and first kid after 35 yrs old
what is the relationship between cervical cancer and human papilloma virus HPV can cause cervical cancer
what are the risk factors for cervical cancer tobacco, early age intercourse, multiple partners, herpes, more than one pregnancy
what test is used to to detect cervical cancer pap test
what are the symptoms of uterine cancer bleeding in post menopausal Pt., yellow watery discharge w/ foul odor, cramping or pressure in the abdomen or pelvis
what is the most common treatment for uterine cancer total hysterectomy
why do many patients not get diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the early stage vague symptoms
what are the late symptoms of ovarian cancer build up of fluid in the abdomen, shortness of breath, dry persistent cough, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tumors, weight loss
how common is infertility 20% of all couples
how effective is treatment for infertility 38%
what is fibrocystic breast disease presence of multiple lumps in the breast
how is fibrocystic breast disease diagnosed manual breast exam
what dietary changes may help with fibrocystic breast disease reduce caffeine and dietary fat
does fibrocystic breast disease increase the risk of breast cancer no
what is included in an obstetric history LMP, birth control, last pap, BSE
during the initial OB visit what tests and measurements will the clinical medical assistant perform cbc, va, rubella, rpr, blood type with rh, pap test, std screening
during prenatal visits the clinical medical assistant assists the doctor to do which measurements weight, vital signs, fundal height, fetal heart rate
what should a breast feeding mother increase in her diet carbs, proteins, fatty acids and fluids
what happens when a new born begins to breathe cord is cut, infant inhales, CO2 in the infants blood rises to stimulate the resp. center of the brain
what is included in taking a menstrual history age at menarche, if regular, amount and duration, urinary symptoms, pain, discharge, breast health, last pap, sex history, number of pregnancies, LMP, meds.
what does a cma do to assist the doctor assist Pt. into position and hand the physician whatever they need
what is cryosurgery and why is it performed uses extreme cold to destroy cancerous cells
Created by: rewebb
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