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American Revolution

TermDefinition
Proclamation of 1763 Barred (banned) westward settlement on Indian lands and, in turn, protected the colonists from invading Indians
Sugar Act Taxed sugar and molasses to produce revenue for Britain.
Stamp Act Required revenue stamps for all publications and official documents.
Quartering Act Required the colonists to quarter (house and feed) British troops in America.
Townshend Act revenue duties on tea, glass, lead, paper, and paints & strict trade enforcements
Writs of Assistance A legal document that allowed British officers to enter colonial homes and businesses to search for smuggled goods. Without giving any reason for the search
British Troops arrive and Townshend Duties repealed (except on tea) The Townshend Acts were very unpopular with the colonists, who criticized the Acts and demonstrated in protest. The colonists decided to once again boycott all English items.
Boston Massacre A clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists, in which 5 colonists, including Crispus Attucks were killed.
Tea Act Parliament tried to bail out the East India Tea Company (a British Tea Company) by giving it a monopoly of the American market.
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) King George and Parliament decided to teach the colonists a lesson by punishing Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party through
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) 4 acts 1.closed Boston’s port 2.deprived Massachusetts of self-government 3.allowed British officials to be tried in England 4.issued a stronger Quartering Act
Minutemen formed under John Hancock. They were colonists ready to fight at a moments notice.
Militia citizens that serve as soldiers
Patriots Colonists that opposed British policy.
Loyalists Colonists that remained loyal to Britain.
Patrick Henry Patriot and fiery orator that encouraged Virginia House of Burgess to act with famous, “Give me Liberty, or give me death!”
Paul Revere Member of the Son’s of Liberty sent to warn colonists that the British were coming.
Lexington/Concord First battles of the Revolution…”The Shot Heard Around the World”
Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to set up Continental Army…appointed George Washington as leader of the Continental Army.
Battle of Bunker Hill important to the colonists…proved they could hold their own against Britain.
Olive Branch Petition Congress sent King George III petition asking for peace…king refused.
Common Sense Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet in support of independence from Britain. It was written for the common man.
Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress July 4, 1776. Had three main ideas; individual rights, list of grievances, and independence of the colonies…United States of America.
Created by: Kiana Scott