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Intro A&P Ch1 terms

A&P Ch1 terms

anatomy study of the STRUCTURE of an ORGANISM & the RELATIONSHIP of it PARTS
physiology study of the FUNCTION of living ORGANISMS & thier PARTS
Anatomical Position Stading erect - arms at sides - palms turned forward - pinky in thumbs out
Planes of section Sagittal - Midsagittal - Frontal - Transverse
Homeostasis? Homeostasis is the body's maintenance of a stable internal environment.
The three components of a homeostatic mechanism are ? receptors, a control center, and effectors.
atoms composed of protons electrons neutrons - smallest particle
The human body can be divided into ? axial portion and an appendicular portion
axial portion includes ? head, neck, and trunk.
The appendicular portion includes ? the upper and lower limbs
Within the axial portion, the three major cavities are ? cranial cavity, thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity.
The cranial cavity houses ? the brain.
The vertebral canal houses the spinal cord.
The thoracic cavity is divided from ? abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm
The thoracic cavity contains the following organs: lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland.
The region between the lungs is ? mediastinum
Organs located in the mediastinum are ? the heart & trachea
The two portions of the abdominopelvic cavity are ? the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity.
The organs of the abdominal cavity are ? stomach, liver, spleen.
Organs of the pelvic cavity are ? the terminal end of the large intestine, the urinary bladder, and the internal reproductive organs.
The position of the body in the anatomical position is ? standing erect, with face forward, upper limbs at the sides, and palms facing forward.
The anatomical term meaning above another body part is ? superior.
The anatomical term meaning below another body part is? inferior.
The two anatomical terms meaning toward the front ? anterior and ventral
. The two anatomical terms meaning toward the back ? posterior and dorsal
The anatomical term meaning closer to the midline of the body is ? medial
. The anatomical term meaning closer to the sides of the body is ? lateral.
The anatomical term meaning closer to the point of attachment ? proximal
The anatomical term meaning farther away from the point of attachment? distal
The anatomical terms meaning closer to the surface of the body ? superficial
The anatomical term meaning more internal is ? deep
A lengthwise cut that divides the body into left and right portions is called ? sagittal
A cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions is called ? transverse
A section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions is called ? frontal
region between thorax and pelvis abdominal
tip of the shoulder acromial
forearm antebrachial
front of the elbow antecubital
armpit axillary
arm brachial
cheek buccal
wrist carpal
abdomen celiac
head cephalic
neck cervical
of the ribs costal
hip coxal
front of leg crural
back of elbow cubital or olecranal
finger digital or phalangeal
back dorsum
thigh femoral
forehead frontal
reproductive organs genital
buttocks gluteal
groin inguinal
lower back lumbar
breast mammary
chin mental
nose nasal
back of head occipital
mouth oral
eye cavity orbital
ear otic
palm of hand palmar
front of knee patellar
chest thoracic
foot pedal
pelvis pelvic
region between anus and external reproductive organs perineal
sole of the foot plantar
area behind the knee popliteal
between the hip bones sacral
middle and anterior region of thorax sternal
ankle tarsal
navel umbilical
spinal column vertebral
Levels of Organization atoms, cells, tissues, organs and systems
Shoulder blade Scapular
Pollex Thumb
Palm of hand Palmar
Back of knee Popliteal
Back of leg (calf) Sural
Lateral side of leg Peroneal or Femoral
Big toe Hallux
Heel Calcaneal
Organs in the RUQ Most of the liver, Gall bladder, Head of Pancreas, small portion of stomach, some of the Colon and small intestine.
Organs in the LUQ Stomach, Spleen, some of Colon and small intestine, left lobe of the Liver, tail of the Pancreas
Organs in the RLQ Appendix, some of the Colon and small intestine, right ovary, right Ureter.
Organs in the LLQ Some of the Colon and small intestine, left Ovary, left Ureter.
Name the Nine Regions Right and Left Hypochondriac, Epigastric, Right and Left Lumbar, Umbilical, Right and Left Iliac or Inguinal, Hypogastric.
4 Primary tissues Epithelia, Muscle, Connective, Neural
Functions of life Organismal boundaries, Movement, Responsiveness or irritability, Digestion, Metabolism, Excretion, Reproduction, Growth.
Basic Needs Nutrients, Oxygen, Water, Temperature, Pressure.
Levels of structural organization Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ system, Organism
Pathway of feedback Stimulus:-Receptor-Afferent pathway-Processing center-Efferent pathway-EffectorResponse
Facing Down Prone
Facing Up Supine
Name Pleural membranes Parital Pleura, Visceral Pleura
Name Pericardial membranes Parital Pericardium, Visceral Pericardium
Name Abdominopelvic membranes Parital Peritoneum, Visceral Peritoneum
Control center of Endocrin system Pituitary gland
Largest lymphatic organ Spleen
Double layer membrane Serous membrane
Lateral side of leg Fibular or Peroneal
Created by: desunurse



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