Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Temperatures

QuestionAnswer
Define temperature The balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body.
Define homeostasis A constant state of fluid balance; ideal health state in the body.
Reasons for variation of body temperature -individual differences -time of day -body site
Average oral temperature 98.6 F
Average rectal temperature 99.6 F
Average axilllary/groin temperature 97.6 F
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for oral temps? 3-5 minutes
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for rectal temps? 3-5 minutes
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for axillary or groin temps? 10 minutes
How long should patients not eat, smoke or drink prior to taking a oral temp? 15 minutes
Where are temps usually taken on infants? Rectal
Taken with a special thermometer that is placed in the ear or auditory canal? Aural temperature
Newer way to take temps by passing thermometer in a straight line across the forehead, range is _______ Temporal temperature 98.6-100.6 F
What are causes of increased body temperature? illness, infection, exercise, excitement, high temps in the environment
What are causes of decreased body temperatures? starvation or fasting, decreased muscle activity, sleep, mouth breathing, exposure to cold temperatures in the environment, and certain diseases
Hypothermia low body temperature under 95 F
Hyperthermia high body temperature above 104 F
Fever elevated body temperature that exceeds 101 F
Pyrexia another term for fever
Febrile fever is present
Afebrile no fever is present, body is in normal range
Groin temperatures taken between two folds of skin formed by inner part of the thigh and the lower abdomen
Axillary tmperateure taken in the armpit
Rectal temperature taken in the rectum
Why does OSHA recommend to not use mercury thermometers? To avoid chance of mercury contamination
Normal range of oral temperature 97.6-99.6 F
Normal range of rectal temperature 98.6-100.6 F
Normal range of axillary/groin temperature 96.6-98.6 F
Do you use gloves when taking someone's temperature? Yes
When should you wash hands? Before and after taking someone's temperature
Why do you need to use cold water to rinse off a thermometer? To prevent breakage and avoid destroying the mercury column
Why do you need to cover a thermometer with a plastic sheath? To prevent the thermometer from coming in contact with the patient's mouth and skin/ prevent transmission of germs
When should the plastic sheath covering the thermometer be discarded? After the temperature is taken
3 things heat are lost to -perspirsation -respiration -excretiom
How is heat produced? metabolism of food, and muscle and gland activity
What time of day is your body temperature gonna be higher? Evening, after muscular activity and intake of food has taken place
If body temperature drops below 93 F, _______ occurs. Death
If body temperature exceeds __ F, ____, ____, and even death can occur. 106, brain damage, and convulsions
What are causes of hypothermia? Prolonged exposure to the cold
What are causes of hyperthermia? Exposure to high temperatures, brain damage, and serious infections
Created by: zwinni
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards