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Ch 12 review

Ch 12 review questions

What are the three primary brain vesicles and what do they become. Be sure to mention the canals. 1
What does the central sulcus separate? What about the lateral sulcus? 3
Where is the primary auditory cortex? What could make you deaf? What could make you not understand hearing, vision or smell? 4
What is laterization and cerebral dominance? What are the usual functions of the two hemispheres? What fissure separates the two hemispheres? 5
What are the types of cerebral white matter and what do they do? 6
Know the functions of the following parts of the brain: basal nuclei, thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus (i.e. pineal gland and choroid plexus), brain stem (generally), midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata (i.e. nuclei), cerebellum. 7
What are the three components of the basal nuclei? Caudate, putamen, and Globus pallidus
What part of the body is its thermostat? 9
What makes spinal fluid? 10
What is the function of commissures? 11
Does the blood-brain barrier protect against bacteria? What about metabolic wastes such as urea? 12
What is the arbor vitae? Where would you find it? What do the spinocerebellar tracts carry (hint: besides proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum)? distinctive treelike pattern of the cerebellar white matter
Where would you find the suprachiasmatic nucleus? What does it do? Found in hypothalamus. Regulates sleep cycle.
What is the decussations of the pyramids? What does it mean? 15
What is the brainstem? What comprises it? BRAINSTEM: consists of midbrain, pons and medulla. It controls automatic behaviors necessary for survival. -also provides path for tracts between higher and lower brain centers
The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the? 17
What is the limbic system? What is the function of the amygdala and cingulate gyrus? What is limbic about? 18
What is the reticular formation? What is the RAS? What is its motor function? 19
What is a brain wave? Give the types of brain waves and their functions. Why is the EEG important? Brain waves are patterns of neuronal electrical activity recorded.
What does brain wave amplitude reflect? 21
What is epilepsy and its symptoms? What is a grand mal seizure? 22
What is consciousness? What is coma and how is it defined? 23
What are the types and stages of sleep (i.e. NREM and REM)? What are some sleep patterns? What is the importance of sleep? 24
What type of sleep results in temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for the extrinsic eye muscles 25
What is memory? What are the three principles of memory? The process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called? What neurotransmitter is released when you do long term memory? 26
What protects the brain? What are the functions of and types of meninges? 27
How does CSF compare to plasma? What are its functions? Where is the subarachnoid space, what does it lie between? What forms CSF? 28
What separates bloodborne substances from neurons? How do nutrients pass to the brain? 29
What is a stroke and what causes them? What is a TIA? 30
What is alzheimer's, parkinson's and huntington's disease? How do they differ from each other? What illness has symptom's opposite of Parkinson's? 31
Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of what illness? Where can you go to fix this illness? 32
What is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury (hint: happens to profession football quarterbacks weekly) 33
Know what the cervical and lumbar enlargements represent. What are the conus medullaris and cauda equina? What are the two extensions of pia mater and what are their functions? 34
Where would one place a spinal tap and why? 35
Where are the cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves located? 36
Understand the arrangement and organization of the gray and white matter in the spinal cord. Key terms: posterior (dorsal) horns, anterior (ventral) horns, lateral horns, anterior median fissure, posterior median sulcus. 37
What are the four zones of gray matter? Where is gray matter located in the spinal cord? What about the white matter? Where is the ventral root? 38
What are some generalizations one might make about white matter? 39
In ascending pathways, what is the difference between a first, second and third order neuron? 40
What are the differences between nonspecific, specific and spinocerebellar ascending pathways? 41
What is the difference between paralysis and paraesthesias? What is flaccid paralysis? What is spastic paralysis? 42
What is spinal shock? How does it differ from paraplegia and quadriplegia? 43
What is polio? What are the symptoms and how did people get it? 44
What is ALS? What are its symptoms and consequences? 45
Created by: Chanellenae