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Stack #205102

the skeletal system

The layer of cartilage that seprerates the diaphysis from the spiphysis of the bone epiphyseal line
The main shaftlike portion of the long bone. diaphysis
Located at the each end of the bone. epiphysis
The thick white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the long bone, except at joint surfaces. periosteum
Joint surfaces are covered with atricular cartilage
Within the center of this hollow area is the Medullary cavity
A rounded knoblike end of a long bone, seperated from the shaft of the bone be a narrow portion bone head
A constricted or narrow section that connects with the head or the neck of the femur neck
An elevated, broad, rounded process of a bone- usually for attachment of muscles or tendons tuberosity
Large bony process located below the neck of the femur, for attachment of muscles. trochanter
A knucklelike projection at the end of a bone; usually fits into a fossa of another bone to form a joint, condyle
A distinct border or ridge; an upper elevated edge crest
A sharp projection from the surface of a bone, similar to a crest spine
a groove or depression in a bone; a fissure sulcus
An opening or hollow space in a bone, as in the paranasal sinuses or the frontal sinus sinus
same as sulcus fissure
a hollow or shallow concave depression in a bone fossa
A hole within a bone that allows blood vessels or nerves to pass through, as in the foramen magnum of the skull that allows the spinal cord tp pass through it. foramen
Forms the forehead (front of skull) and the upperpart of the bony cavities that contain the eyeballs. the frontal sinuses are located tin this bone frontal bone
moving towards the back of the head, just behind the frontal bones parietal bone
forms the back of the head and the base of the skull occipital bone
form the lower sides and part of the base of the skull temporal bones
bat-shaped located at the base of the skull in front of the temporal bones sphenoid bone
the lines on your head that are soft when you are new born but become solid as you grow sutures
the space between bones of an infant's cranium that is covered by a tough membrane. an newborns soft spot fontanel or fontenelles
the lower jaw bone mandibular bone
the upper jaw bones maxillary bones
the two bones on each side of the face that form the high part of the cheek and outter border of the eye orbits zygomatic bones
the two slender nasal bones give shape to the nose by forming the upper part of the bridge. nasal bones
bones that are paper thin and shaped somewhat like fingernails lacrimal bones
thin, flat bone that forms the lower portion of the nasal septum vomer
bones shaped like the letter l palatine bone
help to complete the nasal cavity by forming the side and lower wall nasal conchae
located just above the larynx and below the mandible hyoid bones
the first 7 bones of the vertebrae.the first segment of the vertebral column cervical vertebrae
the vertebrae in the middle of the back. the second segment of the vertebral column thoracic vertebrae
the lower part of the back.the third segment of the vertebral column lumbar vertebrae
the fusion of five individual bones as we grow to adults form a singular triangular bone. the forth segment of the vertebral column sacrum
the last bone of the vertebral column. also known as the tailbone coccyx
ribs 1-7 true ribs
another name for the breast bone sternum
the braod upper end of the sternum manubrium
the large triangular-shaped bone also called the shoulder blade scapula
the somewhat spoon shaped projection of the scapula that connects with the clavicleto form the highest point of the shoulder acromion
the upper arm bone humerus
one of the two lower arm bones that joins the humerus above and the wrist bones below. on the same side as the thumb radius
the second of the lower arm bones that joins the humerus above and the wrist bones below ulna
the bones of the wrist carpals
the bones of the hand from the wrist to the bottom of the fingers metacarpals
the name of the finger bones phalanges
the lowest part of the hip bones and is the strongestof the pelvic bones. ischium
the projection on either at the back of the pelvic outlet. ischial spine
the point of connection of the two pubic bones is called the symphysis pubis
the socket that serves as the connecting point for the femur and hip bones acetabulum
the largest of the hip bones.the upper flared portion of the hip bones ilium
the upper curved edge of the ilium iliac crest
the thigh bone femur
the knee bone or knee cap patella
the larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones tibia
the more slender smaller of the lower leg bones fibula
the ankle bones tarsals
the heel bones calcaneus
the bone just above the calcaneus which joins with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint talus
the bones of the foot are tarsals
the bones in the foot that go from the ankles to the toes metatarsals
the medical terms for the toes phalanges
thin layer of cartilage that covers the ends of the long bones and the surfaces of the joints. articular cartilage
specific features of individual bones bone markings
the groove of depression in a bone; a sulcus fissure
the normal formation and development fo boold cells in the bone marrow hematopoiesis
the space between the ribs intercostal spaces
the conversion of cartilage and fibrous connective tissue to bone; the formation of bone ossification
immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue osteoblasts
large cells that absorb or digest old bone tissues osteoclasts
mature bone cells osteocytes
the thick, whites, fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone periosteum
acetabulum acetabul/o
embryonic stage if development blast, blast/o
calcium calc/o,calc/i
heel bone calcane/o
wrist carp/o
to break clast, clastic
collarbone clavicul/o
coccyx coccyg/o
ribs cost/o
skull, cranium crani/o
femur femor/o
fibula fibul/o
to produce gen/o
humerus humer/o
ilium ili/o
ischium ishi/o
humpback; pertaining to a hump kyph/o
lamina lamin/o
swayback:bent lord/o
loins;lower back lumb/o
softening malac/o
mandible(lower jaw bone) mandibul/o
mastoid process mastoid/o
upper jaw maxill/o
hand bones metacarp/o
foot bones metatars/o
spinal cord or bone marrow myel/o
elbow olecran/o
straight orth/o
bone oste/o
kneecap patell/o,patell/a
pelvis pelv/i
fingers,toes phalang/o
growth, growing physis
cavity,opening,passage, or pore por/o
porous, lessening in density porosis
pubis pub/o
spinal column rach/i
radiation; also refers to the radius radi/o
shoulder blade scapul/o
crooked, bent scoli/o
vertebra spondyl/o
short, contracted, or narrow sten/o0
sterum stern/o
ankle bones tars/o
temples of the head tempor/o
vertebra vertebr/o
Created by: Tureyna80