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TAKS Vocabulary-m.s.

TAKS Vocabulary for middle school - McM

affix suffix or prefix attached at the beginning or end of a root word that changes the meaning of the word
analogy a comparison that evaluates the relationship between 2 sets of words
antonym a word that means the opposite of another word
author's perspective the author's personal point of view
autobiography the story of the author's own life
bias when a writer leaves out certain details in order to influence your response
biography the true story of someone's life
cause & effect a method or organization that explains how an action causes certain effects
change what happens to characters who undergo experiences that change/alter their perspective
character a person in a story, or the qualities that make a person who they are
chronological order method or organization in which events are described in the order they occur
compare find similarities between or among 2 or more passages
conclusion an educated guess based on clues & evidence in the passage
conflict the struggle characters face as they progress through the story and which begins the action of the plot
contrast finding differences between or among 2 or more passages
connect linking ideas in different texts by thinking about their similarites and differences
connotation meaning of a word based on the context in which it occures; the meaning beyond a word's dictionary definition
context clues words & phrases that help explain other words or ideas in a story
deductive reasoning beginning with facts or ideas, and then developing a theory based on those facts
denotation the dictionary definition of a word
description method or organization that describes a person, place, thing or event
fact a true statement that can be PROVEN by using existing evident
fiction writing in which the characters, plot, location, and action is invented by the author
figurative language words or phrases that have meanings different from the literal meanings
flashback an interruption in the plot to describe what has happened in the past
foreshadowing hints about what is going to happen later in the story
generalization a conclusion applied to many cases or many people that is not always accurate
genre a class or category; as in a type of writing; the 2 main genres are fiction and nonfiction
graphic organizer an image that helps organize & present information, such as tables, maps, pie charts, and graphs
idiom word or expression used to express an idea, and which should NOT be taken literally ex. 'it's raining cats and dogs'
inductive reasoning beginning with a theory based on observations, and then finding facts to support that theory
inference a conclusion based on ideas & facts in a passage TAKS ?: "the reader can conclude that..."
literary device technique used to make a story interesting, such as flashback, foreshadowing, or symbolism
main idea subject or idea that the author is presenting as the most important
metaphor figurative language that makes a comparison without using 'like' or 'as'
mood the feeling a reader gets from the text
motivations what drives or prompts characters to take action
multiple meanings when a word has 2 or more meanings that are different from each other
nonfiction factual writing that is NOT invented by the author
opinion a belief that the author holds about a subject
order of importance a way to organize information about items, events, or information beginning with the most important to the least important, or from the least important to the most important
organization how the writer presents information & arranges ideas
outline type of graphic organizer that lists the topics & major points of a passage
paraphrase a re-statement of the author's ideas in your own words
plot the series of events in a story
poetry a genre of literature in which a text is written in verse, uses figurative languages, and often rhymes
point of view the perspective from which a story is told
prefix affix at the FRONT of a root word, it changes the meaning of the word
problem resolution when a character resolves a conflict in a story
problem and solution an author presents a problem and then offers a solution
relationships the feelings or bonds between 2 or more characters
reinstatement a synonymous (says the same thing) phrase that acts as a context clue to a word's meaning
root word the main part of the word that provides the word's basic meaning
scope the amount of information given in a text
simile figurative language that uses 'LIKE' or 'AS' to compare 2 unlike things
setting where and when a story is happening
style a writer's unique way of telling a story
suffix affix at the END of a word that changes the meaning of the word
summary a short description of a longer passage that focuses on main ideas & details
supporting details facts or other details in a passage that support the main idea
supporting response details from the text that offer evidence for answers given to questions about the text
symbol when something in the story represents something else
synonym a word that means the same -or about the same- as another word
theme an idea or question explored by the author in a text
timeline type of graphic organizer that displays when things happened (in time order ex. by year or date)
tone the attitude or feel of a story
traits qualities a character possesses
treatment how a writer approaches a topic and presents information
variants different versions of the same story
Created by: hotdiggetyskm
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