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Ch. 29


exophthalmos symptom of protruding eyeballs caused by hyperthyroidism called Graves disease
glucosuria glucose found in the urine
goiter enlarged thyroid gland
growth hormone hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate growth of bones and tissues; also called somatotropin
hyperglycemia abnormally high blood glucose level
hyperthyroidism condition of having excess levels of thyroid hormone in the body
hypertrophy excessive growth of tissue
peripheral away from the trunk of the body
polydipsia increased thirst
polyphagia increased appetite
polyuria increased urination
what are two other names for type one diabetes insulin dependent and juvenile
what hormone is the body unable to produce in type 1 diabetes insulin
which endocrine organ produces insulin pancreas
what are 3 major signs of type one diabetes (the 3 p's) polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria
why must insulin must be given as an injection and not orally stomach acid will destroy it
what is another name for ketoacidosis (DKA) hyperglycemia
what are two other names for type 2 diabetes non insulin dependent and adult onset
when does type 2 diabetes usually appear after the age of 40
what does type 2 do to the body and insulin causes weight gain and delayed wound healing, starves the cells of energy
who is most likely to develop type 2 obese and middle aged
what do oral hypoglycemic medications do signals the pancreas to secrete more insulin
list five complications of diabetes blindness, nephropathy, neuropathy, limb loss, and heart disease
what are the symptoms of hypoglycemia fatigue, hunger, dizziness, confusion, heart palpitations
list four causes of hypoglycemia too much insulin, not enough food, excessive exercise, vomiting or diarrhea
how is hypoglycemia treated give Pt some kind of simple sugar
what are the symptoms of hyperglycemia deep rapid respirations, the 3 P's, glucosuria, weight loss
list four causes of hyperglycemia not enough insulin, missed doses, too much food, lack of activities, stress, illness
how is hyperglycemia treated insulin, hypoglycemic, diet control weight loss, and exercise
what is gestational diabetes starts during pregnancy due to insulin resistance
what is the risk of a mother developing diabetes after giving birth 50/50
when does gestational diabetes usually develop 24-28th week
what effect can gestational diabetes have on the baby shoulder injury, hypoglycemia at birth, respiratory problems, jaundice, and still birth
what is myxedema severe hypothyroidism; life threatening
what are some symptoms of hypothyroidism enlarged thyroid, fatigue, dry brittle hair, and weight gain
what is the relationship between iodine and hypothyroidism Iodine is an element that is needed for the production of thyroid hormone. The body does not make iodine, so it is an essential part of your diet.
what is goiter enlarged thyroid
what is the treatment for hypothyroidism synthetic thyroid hormones
what is another name for hyperthyroidism graves disease
list six symptoms of hyperthyroidism tachycardia, hypertension, anxiety, insomnia, heat intolerance
what is exophthalmos protruding eyeballs
what is thyrotoxicosis episode of sudden or worsening of symptoms and maybe life threatening
why is teaching Pts with diabetes about skin and foot care so important problems healing
what preparation is needed by the pt for a FBS test pt needs to fast
what are the normal ranges for FBS 70-110
what does glucose tolerance test help diagnose various types of diabetes
what does the glycosylated hemoglobin (Hgb A1C) show Avg blood sugar of the past 4 months
what preparation is needed for Hgb A1C nothing
what are normal results for the glycosylated hemoglobin test 4-6%
what is glycosuria glucose in urine
when should a pt check their blood sugar at home before breakfast and before bed
because of negative feedback, if tsh levels are high, will the T3 and T4 levels be low or high low
what disease might radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) help diagnose thyroid function
pineal gland produces melatonin
pituitary gland controls all other glands, it is controlled by the hypothalamus, broken up into anterior lobe and posterior lobe
anterior lobe of pituitary growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and adrenocorticotropic hormone
posterior lobe of pituitary gland oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone
thyroid gland triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), calcitonin
parathyroid parathyroid hormone
adrenal glands epinephrine, aldosterone, cortisol, androgens
pancreas insulin, glycogen
thymus t-lymphocytes
ovaries ovum, estrogen, progesterone
testes testosterone
adenopathy disease of a gland
adrenalectomy surgical removal of the adrenal gland
adrenal pertaining to the adrenal gland
hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
glucogenisis creating glucose
glycosuria sugar in the urine
hydrolysis destruction of water
oophorectomy surgical removal of the ovaries
ovarioptosis prolapse of the ovary
orchopathy disease of the testes
orchiectomy surgical removal of the testes
orchidopexy surgical fixation of the testes
testomegaly enlarged testes
pancreatography process of recording the pancreas
parathyroidectomy surgical removal of the parathyroid
thymoma tumor of the thymus
thyroiditis inflammation of the thyroid
toxicologist specialist in the study of toxins
anorchidism absence of testes
antiglycemic pertaining to against sugar
euthyroid good or normal thyroid
hyperglycemia excessive blood sugar
hypocalcemia below blood calcium
orchialgia pain in the testes
ovariocele herniation of the ovary
orchiectomy surgical removal of a testicle
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pancreatolith pancreatic stone
thyroidomegaly enlargement of the thyroid
thymoma tumor of the thymus
toxicosis abnormal condition of toxin or poisoning
thyroidotomy incision into the thyroid
acromegaly pituitary gland becomes overactive after the individual has reached adulthood, secreting excessive amounts of human growth hormone which affects the bones tissues of the face, and extremities causing them to be disproportionately large
Addison disease disorder involving adrenal gland failure, which results in a chronic metabolic disorder that requires steroid hormone replacement therapy
congenital hypothyroidism type of hypothyroidism present at birth that results in arrested physical and mental development; formerly called cretinism
Cushing syndrome rare disorder caused by prolonged, excessive secretion of glucocorticosteriods by the adrenal glands, resulting in altered fat distribution and muscle weakness
diabetic ketoacidosis abnormal condition that occurs in uncontrolled diabetes and results in the accumulation of the ketone bodies secondary to the oxidation of fats; also called diabetic coma
diabetes insipidus disorder caused by lack of vasopressin and marked by output of abnormally large amounts of dilute urine which results in increased thirst and need for dramatic increase in fluid intake
diabetes mellitus chronic metabolic disorder in which the pancreas secretes insufficient amounts of insulin or the body is insulin resistant
dystocia difficult labor caused by small pelvic outlet or a large baby, commonly related to macrosomia
eclampsia condition caused by pregnancy induced hypertension in which the woman experiences severe hypertension, convulsions
gigantism disorder in which the pituitary gland secretes excessive amounts of hGH during childhood, resulting in an abnormally large adult
goiter enlarged thyroid gland
graves disease form of hyperthyroidism caused by an autoimmune response that may cause exophthalmos
hyperpituitarism disorder in which the pituitary gland secretes excessive amounts of hGH
hyperthyroidism condition of having excessive levels of thyroid hormone in the body
hypopituitarism condition that involves diminished secretion of pituitary hormones as a result of dysfunction of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
insulin shock condition caused by too much insulin, in which the blood glucose level is too low; usually below 40 mg/dl; also called hypoglycemia
macrosomia condition of an abnormally large neonate caused when glucose crosses the placenta from a diabetic mother, causing the infants pancreas to make more insulin and storage of excess glucose in the babies body in the form of fat
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
BG blood glucose
BS blood sugar
Ca calcium
CA cancer
DM diabetes mellitus
FBG fasting blood glucose
FBS fasting blood sugar
fsbs finger stick blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GH growth hormone
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
K potassium
LH leuteinizing hormone
Na sodium
NIDDM non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
PTH parathormone
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxin
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
Created by: rewebb
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