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15.2 WWII

15.2 The Great Depression and WWII

QuestionAnswer
Great Depression a global economic crisis that struck countries around the world in the 1930s
stock market an organization where shares of stocks in companies are "traded" (bought and sold)
Nazis a German political party that favored autocratic government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan (Caucasian, blue-eyed blonde Northern Europeans) supremacy
anti-Semitism discrimination, prejudice, or hostility toward Jews
genocide the planned killing of a race of people
Holocaust the Nazis' effort to wipe out the Jewish people in WWII
United Nations an international organization of countries that promotes peace and security around the world
Black Tuesday stock market crash US event that triggered the Great Depression
Joseph Stalin dictator of the Soviet Union who made all economic decisions, restricted religious worship, and used secret police to spy on people
Benito Mussolini Italian dictator who suspended freedom of speech and trial by jury
Adolf Hitler German dictator who banned all political parties except the Nazi party and attempted to eliminate "inferior" races
Germany and Italy European countries whose invasions of other countries in the 1930s started Europe on the road to war
Poland Hitler's invasion of this country on September 1, 1939 triggered WWII
Axis Powers alliance formed by Germany, Italy, and Japan
Allies alliance formed by France and Great Britain and later joined by the Soviet Union and the US
D-Day June 6, 1944 date the Allied forces landed on the beaches of Normandy, France and began to advance on Germany
atomic bombs powerful new US weapons whose use caused Japan to surrender and end WWII
United States country whose banks and businesses loaned European countries money to recover from and rebuild after WWI
France and Great Britain countries that declared war on Germany and officially started WWII
Created by: anorris