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True or false Ch 8

Joints

QuestionAnswer
A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint. T or F? True
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints. T OR F? True
All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight. T or F? False (synarthroses are immovable in axial skeleton)
Hinge joints permit movement in only 2 places. T OR F? False
Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood. T OR F? True
The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability. T OR F? True
The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement. T OR F? True
The only movement allowed between the first 2 cervical vertebrae is flexion. T OR F? False
Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint. T OR F? True
The knee joint allows for extension and flexion only. T OR F? False
A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination. T OR F? True
The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements. T OR F? False
Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and socket joints. T OR F? False
Moving the arm in a full circle is an example of circumduction. T OR F? True
Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion. T OR F? True
The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint. T OR F? True
The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint. T OR F? False
The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. T OR F? True
Chondromalacia patellae is hardening of the articular cartilage on the posterior patella surface. T OR F? False
Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris. T OR F? True
A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids. T OR F? False
A ball-and -socket joint is a multiaxial joint. T OR F? True
Bending the tip of the finger exhibits flexion. T OR F? True
A nonaxial movement is usually seen at a joint such as a hinge. T OR F? False
Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa. T OR F? False
Created by: Chanellenae