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LOL103

Vöðvar

QuestionAnswer
Þrjár gerðir vöðvavefs Rákóttir vöðvar, sléttir vöðvar og hjartavöðvar
Hlutverk vöðva Hreyfa líkamann - viðhalda líkamsstöðu - hreyfa efni innan líkamans - mynda hita
Eiginleikar vöðvavefs Ertanleiki - samdráttur - teygjanleiki - fjaðurleiki
Sin (latínuheiti) Tendo
Sin (hlutverk) ''Snúra'' úr bandvef sem tengir vöðva við bein - áframhald af bandvefskerfi vöðvans
Vöðvahula (latínuheiti) Epimysium
Vöðvahula (hlutverk) Bandvefur sem umlykur vöðva
Vöðvaknippi (latína) Fasciculi
Vöðvaknippi (hlutverk) Knippi af 10-100 vöðvafrumum
Vöðvafruma (latína) Myocyte
Vöðvaþráðshula (latína) Endomysium
Vöðvaþráðshula (hlutverk) Bandvefur sem umlykur hverja vöðvafrumu
Vöðvaknippishula (latína) Perimysium
Vöðvaknippishula (hlutverk) Bandvefur sem umlykur hvert vöðvaknippi
Vöðvarauði (latína) Myoglobin
Vöðvarauði (hlutverk) Bindur súrefni í vöðvum - er bara í vöðvafrumum
Vöðvatrefjar (latína) Myofibrilla
Vöðvatrefjar (hlutverk) Vélarnar í vöðvunum - ræður styrk vöðvans
Örþræðir (latína) Myofilamentes
Örþræðir (hlutverk) Samdráttarprótín vöðvans - skiptist í myosín og aktín
Z-lína Bjálki þar sem aktín stendur út úr
Sarcomera Liggur á milli tveggja z-lína
Vöðvasamdráttur Myosin tengis við aktin og dregur aktinið yfir sig í átt að miðju - z línurnar færast nær hvor annari og sarcomeran styttist
Tvíhöfði Biceps brachii
Þríhöfði Triceps brachii
Olnbogaliður Vöðvar eða sinar þeirra liggja yfir a.m.k. ein liðamót
Tendo (sin) Tengir vöðva við bein
Vöðvi sem dregst saman kallast Agonisti (fyrsti hreyfari)
Vöðvi sem slakar á kallast Antagonisti (gagnhreyfari)
Upptök (latína) Origo
Origo (hlutverk) Sin á beini sem færist ekki til við hreyfingu
Insertio (hlutverk Sin á beini sem færist til við hreyfingu
Festa (latína) Insertio
Created by: alli cool
 

 



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