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LOM Book Chapter 3

Language of Medicine - Flash Cards - From MTatHome.com

QuestionAnswer
What is the combining form for: abdomin/o abdomen
What is the combining form for: acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
What is the combining form for: acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
What is the combining form for: aden/o gland
What is the combining form for: amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
What is the combining form for: arthr/o joint
What is the combining form for: bi/o life
What is the combining form for: blephar/o eyelid
What is the combining form for: cardi/o heart
What is the combining form for: cyst/o urinary bladder
What is the combining form for: erythr/o red
What is the combining form for: hydr/o water, fluid
What is the combining form for: lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
What is the combining form for: leuk/o white
What is the combining form for: mast/o breast
What is the combining form for: my/o muscle
What is the combining form for: ot/o ear
What is the combining form for: path/o disease
What is the combining form for: phag/o to eat, swalllow
What is the combining form for: pulmon/o lungs
What is the combining form for: rhin/o nose
What is the combining form for: sarc/o flesh
What is the combining form for: thromb/o clot
What is the combining form for: ven/o vein
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
achondroplasia Inherited disorder of cartilage formation in the fetus leading to dwarfism.
acromegaly Excessive enlargement of the limbs (extremities) due to thickening of bones and soft tissues; caused by Hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland.
acute Having severe symptoms and a short course of illness.
adenoids Small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal (nose) passageway.
adipose Pertaining to fat.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and fetus.
angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels.
angiography Process of recording blood vessels using contrast and x-rays.
angioplasty Surgical repair of a blood vessel by inserting a catheter (tube) and balloon inside an artery to enlarge the opening.
arteriosclerosis Hardening of an artery by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls.
arthralgia Joint pain.
atrophy Decrease in size of normally developed organ or tissue of the body; wasting away.
axillary Pertaining to the under arm or armpit.
blepharoptosis Sagging or drooping eyelid; ptosis.
bronchitis Inflammation of bronchial tubes.
carcinogenenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
carcinogenesis Formation or production of cancer.
cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle.
chronic Pertaining to occurring over a long time.
cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
eosinophil A granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with eosin (a reddish dye).
erythrocyte Red blood cell.
erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
hematoma Mass or collection of blood; bruise.
hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells.
hemostasis To stop or control the escape of blood by artificial means or by clotting.
hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of fluid build-up in the kidney; caused by obstruction to the flow of urine.
inguinal Pertaining to the groin.
ischemia Condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue.
laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
laryngectomy Removal of the larynx or voice box.
leukemia Malignant condition of white blood cells, increased numbers of immature leukocytes and decreased erythrocytes and platelets.
mastectomy Removal of a breast.
metastasis Spread of a malignant tumor from its original site to a new or distant location.
morphology Study of the shape or form of cells.
myalgia Muscle pain.
myelogram X-ray record of the spinal cord.
myeloma Malignant tumor of bone marrow.
necropsy Viewing a dead body; autopsy.
necrotic Pertaining to death of cells.
neuralgia Nerve pain.
ophthalmology Study of the eye and eye disorders.
osteogenic Pertaining to produced in or by bone.
otalgia Ear pain.
pathogenesis Development of disease.
pericardium Membrane surrounding the heart.
pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
rectocele Hernia of the rectum.
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
staphylococci Berry or spherical shaped bacteria.
streptococcus Berry or spherical shaped bacterium in twisted chain formation.
thoracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid form the chest.
tracheotomy New opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
venule A small vein.
Created by: mtathome