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MA203 Ch 8-10

QuestionAnswer
_____ is a destructive disease of the alveoli and the adjacent capillary walls resulting in chronic dyspnea, cough, and the characteristic barrel chest Emphysema
_____ is a fungal disease originating in the lungs, with the greatest occurrence in the midwestern United States Histoplasmosis
_____ is a hereditary bleeding disease resulting from a deficiency of clotting factors Hemophilia
_____ refers to obstructive diseases of the lungs, including chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, asthma, emphysema, and pneumoconiosis COPD
"Traveler's diarrhea," a common syndrome of gastroenteritis, is usually caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung, describes a condition called pneumothorax
A condition in which out-pouches of the mucosa penetrate weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestine is called diverticulosis
A disease of the small intestine characterized by malabsorption, gluten intolerance, and damage to the lining of the intestine is called celiac sprue
A double fracture of three or more adjacent ribs resulting in instability in the chest wall describes a patient with flail chest
A fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel, which causes chronic diarrhea, is Chron's Disease
A disorder characterized by a change of bowel habits with predominant diarrhea or constipation is seen in Irritable Bowel Syndrome
A pulsating mass that is noted mid-abdomen indicates aortic aneurysm
A systemic inflammatory disease of the joints and cardiac tissue that follows a sore throat caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus is rheumatic fever
A vasospastic disease of the fingers, hands, or feet resulting in pain, numbness, and sometimes discoloration is Raynaud's disease
Abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurney's point, nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, or constipation are clinical signs of appendicitis
Acute or chronic inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart is preicarditis
An area of contained infectious material in the lung is known as pulmonary abscess
Name three causes of atelectasis obstruction, inactivity, postop disuse
Which is the most common type of cancer? secondary cancer
What does the term epistaxis mean nosebleed
What is the area of pain with cholecystitis? Murphy's sign
is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the alimentary canal in which all layers of the bowel are edematous and inflamed Chron's Disease
Fluid shift into the extravascular spaces of the lungs with accompanying dyspnea, coughing, and bloody, frothy sputum is indicative of pulmonary edema
Inflammation, infection, or irritation of the large serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and folds over the visceral organs is called peritonitis
Joint and bone pain, fever, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and enlarged lymph glands are typical symptoms of leukemia
Noninflammatory disease of the heart muscle with enlargement of the myocardium and ventricular dysfunction refers to cardiomyopathy
Occupational diseases that cause progressive, chronic inflammation and infection in the lungs from inhalation of inorganic dust are termed pneumoconiosis.
What causes thush prolonged antibiotic therapy; immunodeficiency
Painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, severe itching, fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, and malaise are symptoms of Hodgkin's Disease
Permanent, irreversible dilation or distortion of the bronchi, resulting from destruction of muscular bronchial wall, describes bronchiectasis
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is related to use of broad spectrum antibiotics
Severe hypoxemia in a patient who has recently experienced trauma is called shock lung or ARDS
Stasis of blood flow from immobility, injury to a vessel, or predisposition to clot formation increase the risk of PE or DVT
What are 3 causes of PUD? NSAIDs, stress, H pylori
What are 2 common causes of pancreatitis? alcoholism and cholelithiasis
The chronic hereditary form of anemia found predominately in the black race is called sickle cell anemia
What is the most common cause of the common cold rhinovirus
The common symptom of a tumor of the larynx is dysphonia
what is the medical term for chest pain angina pectoris
The condition that results in painless gross swelling of an extremity is lymphedema
The condition where fat-containing substances are deposited on the coronary artery lumens causing a narrowing is coronary artery disease
Name 2 modalities for diagnosing PUD endoscopy and barium swallow
What is the causative agent for mononucleosis Ebstein-Barr Virus
The maintenance of the acid-base balance of the blood is linked to the function of lungs and kidneys
The most prevalent cardiovascular disorder in the United States is coronary artery disease
The patient experiencing crushing chest pain, dyspnea, diaphoresis, and anxiety is likely suffering from myocardial infarction
The patient who complains of sudden onset of severe headache, blurred vision, and dyspnea may be suffering from malignant hypertension
The patient who experiences gradually increasing dyspnea, anxiety, and edema of the feet and ankles may be suffering from congestive heart failure
The patient with pale, cold, clammy skin, a rapid and weak pulse, tachypnea, and an altered level of consciousness is experiencing shock
The pneumonia-like disease caused by bacteria that thrive in warm aquatic environments and are inhaled from moisture droplets in air conditioning units is called Legionella pneumonia (Legionaire's Disease)
The presence of Reed-Sternberg cells in lymphatic tissue is diagnostic of Hodgkins disease
The procedure where a catheter with a balloon is threaded into a coronary artery and expanded to compress the plaque and widen the lumen is called angioplasty
How is GERD treated a light evening meal four hours before bedtime and elevation of the bed about 6 inches and the use of H2-receptor antagonist or a proton pump inhibitor.
The valve most frequently involved in valvular heart disease is mitral (bicuspid)
What is valvular insufficiency leakage of blood in the chambers of the heart due to valves not closing completely
Valvular prolapse valves which do not close properly
How is Hepatitis A is spread fecal/oral
How is Hepatitis B & C spread blood and fluid exposure
What is the most common site for head and neck tumors? Larynx
Created by: DrGreimel