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LOL103

Beinagrindin

QuestionAnswer
Hryggsúla - CTLS Columna vertebralis
Hálsliðir Vertebrae cervicales
Brjóstliðir Vertebrae thoracicae
Lendarliðir Vertebrae lumbales
Spjaldbein Os sacrum
Rófubein Os coccyx
Vertebrae cervicales (gerð) Efstu 7 hryggjaliðirnir (C1 - C7)
Atlas Efsti hálsliðurinn - kinnka kolli "já"
Axis Næst efsti hálsliðurinn - hrista höfuð "nei"
Vertebrae thoracicae (gerð) Eru 12 talsins - tengjast allir rifbeinum (T1 - T12)
Vertebrae lumbales (gerð) 5 neðstu hryggjarliðirnir - liggja fyrir neðan rifbein (L1-L5)
Os sacrum (gerð) 5 samvaxnir hryggjaliðir (S1 - S5)
Os coccyx (gerð) 4 samvaxnir hryggjaliðir
Hryggtindur Processus spinasus
Þvertindur Processus transversi
Bolur Corpus
Bogi Arcus
Mænugöng Canalis vertebralis
Hryggþófi Discus intervertebralis
Processus spinasus (hlutverk) Vöðva og liðbandsfestingar
Processus transversi (hlutverk) Vöðva og liðbandsfestingar
Corpus (hlutverk) Stærsti hluti hvers liðs - heldur þyngdinni uppi
Canalis vertebralis (hlutverk) Geymir mænu
Discus intervertebralis (hlutverk) Fjaðurbrjósk sem veitir dempun
Hvað eru liðamót? Þar sem bein mætir öðru beini - þar sem bein mætir brjóski - þar sem tennur mæta beini
Þrjár aðal gerðir liðamóta Bandvefsliðamót - brjóskliðamót - hálaliðamót
Bandvefsliðamót Beinendar tengdir saman með frekar þéttum bandvef - t.d. sutura í höfuðkúpu
Brjóskliðamót Bein tengist við brjósk og svo aftur við bein - lítil hreyfing hver um sig, mikil hreyfing ef raðtengt - t.d. hryggsúla
Hálaliðamót Algengustu líðamótin - hreyfanlegustu liðamótin
Liðhimna (hlutverk) Klæðir liðpokan að innan - losar liðvökva sem smyr liðinn
Liðbrjósk (hlutverk) Dempar og veitir sleipt yfirborð
Liðpoki (hlutverk) Bandvefur sem umlykur liðamótin - framhald af beinhimnunni
Liðband (hlutverk) Sterkur bandvefur sem tengir bein saman - styrkir liðinn
Liðþófi (hlutverk) Aukabrjósk sem finnst í sumum liðum (t.d. hnélið) - eykur dempun - lætur beinenda passa betur saman
Created by: alli cool
 

 



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